Different Degrees of Education and Different Ranks Have All Their Own Languages

Different Degrees of Education And Different Ranks Have All Their Own Languages

Table of Contents

Outline

Introduction

I. Vocabularies that are used in different groups of people

Ⅱ. Grammar in different classes

Ⅲ. Figures of speech in different classes

Ⅳ. Conclusion

Outline

Thesis statement: Because of the degree of education and ranks, there are many differences in people’s vocabularies, grammar, and figures of speech.
Ⅰ. Vocabularies are used in different groups of people.
The vocabularies in unwell-educated educated people’s language.
The vocabularies in well-educated people’s language.
The vocabularies in higher rank.

Ⅱ.The grammar, figures of speech in different classes.
The grammar used in different classes.
The figures of speech used in different classes.

Ⅲ.Conclusion: At the different background of education, they will have many differences. And vocabularies also differ in their daily or formal speeches. More formal vocabularies, complex grammar and figures of speech are used in the higher rank and education people’s language. However, in unwell-educated and lower rank people’s language, there are more informal vocabularies, bad organized grammar and more slangs. In short, different degrees of education and different ranks have all their own languages.

Introduction

For many centuries, there have been existing different ranks, from the lowest to the highest. Since rank came up in society, it has led to the difference in the language that distinguished ranks speak. In modern times, because of the degree of education, the higher educated and the lower educated also speak “their own language”. There are diversions in many aspects such as vocabularies people use, the grammar in every sentence, the rhetoric in people’s daily communications, slangs and so on.

I. The vocabularies in unwell-educated educated people’s language

The vocabularies differ in all communications. No matter what kind of communication it is, no matter what kind of people they are, higher or lower rank, higher or lower educated, they all have their own storage of vocabularies. In some novels or stories, there are many kinds of people that are described detailed. They surely can represent a group of people. And the writers always use the true images to portray their characters. The characters are usually portrayed through their language.

In our advanced English book, there is a text called Love is Fallacy. The writer is an educated person, and he tried to have a steady relationship with a girl. However, that girl is not as literate as him. When they have talks with each other, we can easily judge the girl by her vocabularies. When the writer first took her to dinner, to a movie and then to home, the girl said “Gee, that was a delish dinner,’’ “Gee, that was a marvy movie” “Gee, I had a sensaysh time.” Gee stands for Gosh, and delish is delicious, marvy is marvelous, sensaysh is sensational. In her communication with other people, those words that are used show her educational degree.

Throughout the text, the writer kept describing his brilliant intelligence. At last, he said such a sentence to the girl “Look at me, a brilliant student, a tremendous, intellectual, a man with an assured future.” He used brilliant instead of smart, and tremendous instead of great, and he used assured instead of promising. The comparison between the well-educated and the unwell-educated is a good example. We can easily discover the differences in their vocabularies as well as the clear status of the two characters.

From the above text, we can see the differences between well-educated and unwell-educated, and the vocabularies that the well-educated used are impressed us deeply. However, he is just a student, and he doesn’t have the position of power. There is part of the speech of John F. Kennedy. (Inaugural Address) “The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hand the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary belief for which our forbears fought of is still at issue around the globe, the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state, but from the hand of God.” In this part, some words are used officially. Here abolish is used to take the place of forbid, and forbears took the place of ancestors. “At issue” can be replaced by argue. He used these words not only because the speech needed formal words, but also showed his power and his political position.

Here is another example. When Nazi was going to invade Russia, Winston S. Churchill made a speech in the broadcast. In his speech, people can see his political status, and also can know his political view. All what we can see comes from the vocabularies in his speech. There are several sentences from his speech whose vocabularies differ from common people. There is part of his speech. “If Hitler imagines that his attack on Soviet Russia will cause the slightest divergence of aims or slackening of effort in the great democracies who are resolved upon his doom, he is woefully mistaken.” In this short paragraph, it is also can be said like this “If Hitler thinks that his attack on Soviet Russia will cause the small division of aims or loosening of effort in the great democracies who are determined upon his fate, he is sadly mistaken.” Compared with the original vocabularies, the second ones don’t contain the strength or power. In short, the vocabularies in different ranks have great differences, and these differences do show a lot of his political position.
From this example, we can distinguish the higher rank and lower rank from the vocabularies that they use in different situations.

Ⅱ.The grammar, figures of speech in different classes.

Except for vocabularies, grammar and rhetoric also occupy the significant position. If there is no grammar in any language, every language exists in the world will in a mass, and people hardly communicate with other in a smooth way. And if there is no rhetoric in the language our life will be tasteless. Actually, without grammar, no language will come into being. Conscientious and well-organized grammar can show the educational degree and society position of a person. Next I will introduce some examples.

In the text “Everyday Use for your grandmamma”, there are several sentences that are spoken by the mother. “These old things was just done by me and Big Dee from some tops your grandma pieced before. She died.” The clear error of grammar in this sentence is that the predicate doesn’t match the subject. The right sentence should be “These old things were just done by me and Big Dee from some tops your grandma pieced before. She died.” It is not the only error through the text. There are many more, such as “I promised to give them quilts to Maggie, for when she marries John Thomas.” This sentence contains an extra object that makes the sentence wrong. “God knows I been saving’em for long enough with nobody using’em.” We can easily point out the error. The right sentence should be “God knows I have been saving them for long enough with nobody using them.” The mother isn’t educated at all, so we can conclude that why there are so many mistakes in her grammar when she speaks.

Here is another example.” On the day I declared my candidacy, I said that our mission as a people must be to keep the American dream alive for all who would work for it; to keep American the world’s strongest force for peace and freedom and prosperity; and to bring our own people together across all the lines that divide us into one America.” This long sentence is from William Jefferson Clinton’s speech “Preparing Our Country for the 21st Century”. It is a well-organized sentence which contains many subordinate clauses. Certainly, we can easily see their differences.

Ⅲ.Figures of speech in different classes

Figures of speech are ways of making our language figurative. When we use words in other than their ordinary or literal sense to lend force to an idea, to heighten effect, or to create suggestive imagery, we are said to be speaking or writing figuratively. In any speech if there are some figures of speech, it will add stress in the speech, and also can cheer up the listeners’ spirit. We can find many figures in the speech of the higher rank people, especially in the speech of the head of a country. Here a part of speech that was made by John F. Kennedy. “To those new states whom we welcome to the rank of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced to a far more iron tyranny. We shall not always expect to find them supporting their own freedom, and hope to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.” Only in this paragraph, the speaker used antithesis, metaphor, and antonomasia. However, in the speech of common people, there are not so many figures; instead, there are a lot of slangs. “Take the bull by the horns” means “It takes no fear”. “Back out” means “stop”. “Dry run” means “exercise”. “Go for broke” means “to try one’s best to do something”. Slangs are widely used in common people’s lives because of their easily to be understood.

Ⅳ.Conclusion
At the different background of education, they will have many differences. And vocabularies also differ in their daily or formal speeches. More formal vocabularies, complex grammar and figures of speech are used in the higher rank and education people’s language. However, in unwell-educated and lower rank people’s language, there are more informal vocabularies, bad organized grammar and more slangs. In short, different degrees of education and different ranks have all their own languages.

Biography

“Advanced English bookⅠ”,1995

“Advanced English bookⅡ”,1995

“Appreciation of English and American Literature”2006

Acknowledgement

During the process of composing my thesis, my advisor gave me many good suggestions for my work and helped me check the entire paper. Meanwhile my friends who also helped me search for references for this paper. This has been a hard but joyful period of time for me;however, I have experienced the complete learning process and learned a great deal. This has been an unforgettable time in my life. I would also like to give my thanks to my teachers and friends; I could not have finished my project without their help.