Versailles Conference - Treaties that Governed International Relations between WWI and WWII

The Versailles conference created treaties that governed international relations between World War I and World War II.
Should these treaties have been revised? If so, how?

I think The Treaty of Versailles should have been revised for many important reasons. I think that Germany started World War 2 in an act of revenge against France, Great Britain, and the United States. Germany’s actions were a result of the fact that Germany was blamed for causing World War 1. If revisions had been made, we might have been able to prevent World War 2 and the horrific events of the German Holocaust.

The Treaty of Versailles created two types of nations: nations that wanted to revise the treaty and nations that wanted to maintain the status quo. Some revisionist nations included Germany and Hungary. However, Italy also sought revisions to the treaty. It wanted a Greater Italy on the Adriatic Coast. After the failed French occupation of the Ruhr, Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France signed the Treaty of Locarno (1925), which sought to create a process for reasonable revisions to the Treaty of Versailles. Some scholars believe that the "spirit of Locarno" presented a realistic opportunity for a lasting peace in Europe. That is, they do not believe that the initial German revulsion against the Versailles treaty led to the Second World War. (Commentary 5)

One revisionist thinker was British economist John Maynard Keynes argued that the Treaty of Versailles did not make economic sense. He correctly predicted that after the First World War there would be an economic downturn in 1921. As a result of his piece, many people on the victorious side began to think in terms of revising the treaty. (Commentary 5)

The Treaty of Versailles was not lenient enough to appease Germany, or harsh enough to prevent it from becoming the dominant power again. The treaty placed the blame, or "war guilt" on Germany and Austria-Hungary, and punished them for their "responsibility" rather than working out an agreement that would assure peace in the long-term future. The treaty resulted in harsh monetary reparations, millions of Germans turned into minorities in neighboring countries, territorial dismemberment, mass ethnic resettlements, and indirectly hampered the German economy by causing rapid hyperinflation. (Duiker – 84 to 88)

The treaty created bitter resentment towards the victors of World War I, who had promised the people of Germany that U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points would be a guideline for peace. Many Germans felt that the German government had agreed to a truce based on this understanding, while others felt that the German Revolution had been organized by the people who later assumed office in the new Weimar Republic. Wilson was not able to get the Allies to agree to adopt them, nor could he persuade the U.S. Congress to join the League of Nations. (Duiker – 84 to 88)

An opposite view of the treaty held by some is that it did not go far enough in permanently ending the capability of Germany to be a great power by dividing Germany into smaller, less powerful states. In effect, this would have undone Bismarck's work and would have accomplished what the French delegation at the Paris Peace Conference wanted. However, this could have had any number of unknown consequences, especially among the rise of communism. Regardless, the Treaty of Versailles is generally agreed to be a very poor treaty which helped the rise of the Nazi Party. (Duiker – 84 to 88)