Thesis - Increasing Industry in the World Would Have Many Effects on the Environment

Thesis - Increasing Industry in the World Would Have Many Effects on the Environment

1. Having an increase in industry would increase the amount of environmental problems in the world.
A. Deep water horizon oil or the BP oil spill that happened in 2010.
-Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed unabated for three months in 2010, and continues to leak fresh oil. It is the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry
-The spill caused extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and to the Gulf's fishing and tourism industries
-Was caused by an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon offshore oil platform about 50 miles southeast of the Mississippi River delta on April 20, 2010
-On July 15, 2010, the leak was stopped by capping the gushing wellhead, after it had released about 4.9 million barrels (780,000 m3) of crude oil. An estimated 53,000 barrels per day (8,400 m3/d) escaped from the well just before it was capped.

B. Controversy of Chevron Corporation
-Chevron Corporation is a American multinational energy company, and has been at the center of controversy in a number of developing countries. Chevron operated the development of the Lago Agrio oil field in Ecuador from 1965-1993, which quickly became a site of enormous environmental damage.
- A $27 billion legal case was brought against Chevron following the drilling of the Lago Agrio oil field.
-The Ministry of Environment and Fisheries released a formal statement specifying that a spill in June 2002 had polluted beaches and forced fishermen to stop work.
-An investigation found that the spills were the result of leaks from badly maintained crude transport pipes. Chevron's operations in Angola, and around the world, have been repeatedly blamed for oil spills by local press and environmental activists.

2. Increasing industry can cause environmental hazards and harm the environment
A.Can cause water contamination and make it unusable.
-Common substances that end up in lakes, streams and rivers include mercury asbestos and petrochemicals
-Plants and animals that live in waters near factories ingest these substances, possibly leading to mutations or death.
-Industry factories raise the temperature of the bodies of water around them and this effects the oxygen levels In the water causes animals and plants to die if they are not adapted to the higher temperatures

B.Air pollution
-Harmful byproducts that are released into the air include carbon monoxide and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which damage the ozone layer.
-Sulfur gases released into the air can cause acid rain, which damages crops and contaminates water supplies

C. Soil Pollution
-Construction projects and large mining operations discharge cement and solvents into the ground of the work site
-Plastic products are often left behind and can become poisonous to animals and plants that live and grow in the surrounding areas.

D. Effects On Humans and Animals
-The food chain is often contaminated, starting with contaminated water, which is ingested by small animals that are then eaten by larger animals
-This is commonly exhibited in fish, which can become poisonous for human consumption when caught in contaminated bodies of water.

Websites used
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill?topic=50364
http://www.ehow.com/info_8255683_harmful-effects-factory-waste.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill
http://www.uniteforsight.org/environmental-health/module20