SAT Essay on Steve Jobs, Thomas Edison, Jack Welch, Florence Nightingale, Bill Gates and Henry Ford

SAT Essays on:
Steve Jobs
Thomas Edison
Jack Welch
Florence Nightingale
Bill Gates
Henry Ford
automobile and Earth Hour
Life Is Beautiful and The Last Leaf

Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs, Silicon Valley enterpreneur, cofouned Apple Inc. with Stephen Wozniak in April 1976. In the early 1980s Steve Jobs led the company as it developed and sold personal computers, software and painters and later in 1985, poor sales and internal problems coused reconstructing and Job’s reluctant resignation from Apple. A public failure, Steve Jobs was lost for a few months, however, it was when he realized he still loved what he did that he dicided to start over. During the nex five years, Jobs started a company named NeXT, at which the technology they developed is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance, and purchased Pixar Animation Studio which ccompleted the first fully computer-generated feature film, Toy Story. In 1996 Jobs returned to Apple and took several aggressive steps to bring Apple back to profitability. When Steve Jobs was kicked outh of the company he founded, he started over; the lightness of being a beginner again freed him to enter one of the most creative periods of his life.

Steve Jobs, Silicon Valley enterpreneur, cofouned Apple Inc. with Stephen Wozniak in April 1976. In 1972 Jobs graduated from high school, entered Reed College which isas expensive as Stanford University and dropped out after a semester. College tuition was sucking up all of his working-class parents’ savings. Nevertheless, Jobs had no idea how college was going to help him figure out what to do with his life. Therefore, he decied to drop out and began to drop in on classes that interested him, such as calligraphy, which had a huge impact on the desing of the first Macintosh computer. Had Jobs never dropped out, personal computers might not have had the fascinating typography that they do. Steve Jobs made the best decisions all by himself and the decision was later proved to be the best decisions he had ever made. It was his idea that helped person computer become more stylish.

During his high school, Steve Jobs attacted the attention of Hewlett-Packard Co. president at lectures and was hired as a summer employee. It was that summer that he met Stephen Wozniak, an electronics inventor and Job’s beloved colleague. After Jobs dropped out of college and took a trip to India, Jobs found that Wozniak had become involved in a computer club. Jobs persuaded Wozniak to work with him and together they designed and developed a prototype of the Apple Ⅰin Jobs’s parents’ garage. They later formed the Apple Computer Company which was incorporated in 1977 and became a phenomenal success. Without the help of Wozniak, Steve Jobs might not have been able to form Apple Inc., not to mention launching fascinating iPod and revolutionary iPhone.

Thomas Edison
Thomas Alva Edison is considered one of the most prolific American inventors and has had a tremendous impact on life all around the world, with inventions including the phonograph and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. After many experiments with platinum and other metal filaments, Edison returned to a carbon filament. The first successful test was on October 22, 1879 and lasted 40 hours. Instead of drowning himself in satisfaction, by seeking after perfection, Edison endeavored to find the most suitable filament. It was not until several months later that Edison and his team discovered a carbonized bamboo filament that could last over 1200 hours. By persevering through the difficulties he encountered, Edison, instead of altering or abandoning his initial goal, was able to reach his desired end and the world was suddenly a brighter place for his diligence.

Jack Welch
Jack Welch , the former CEO of General Electric stuck with his policies, which were set to dismantle bureaucracy, destroy the nine-layer management hierarchy and bring a sense of informality to the company. Despite initial contempt by those under him for his policies, he would fire the bottom 10% of his managers, which pushed the remaining managers to perform better. Yet he would reward those in the top 20% with bonuses and options, which he later expanded the broadness from top executives to nearly one third of all employees. It was his policies that made the market value go from $4 billion to more than $410 billion.

Without Welch's philosophy that a company should be either #1 or # 2 in a particular industry, or else leave it completely, GE would never have become as prosperous as it is now.Without Jack Welch questioning convetional management, GE wouldn’t have become one of the most valuable and largest companies in the world.

If Jack Welch did not revolutionize the management, GE might never have become one of the most valuable and largest companies in the world.

Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale, known as “the Lady with the Lamp”,was a precursory nurse. Born into a rich, upper-class, well-connected British family, Florence was inspired by a Christian divine calling which she experienced in 1837 and in 1845 she determined to enter nursing since she cared for the poor. She revolted against the “bright” future to become a wife and mother and stay ordinary for the rest of her life. Nighingale worked assidously to educate herself in the art and science of nursing yet her action was in opposition of her family and the restrictive societal code for young English women.

Bill Gates
Bill Gates, American bussiness executive, who serves as chairman and chief software architect of Mivrosoft Corporation, cofounded Microsoft in 1975 with Paul Allen. Microsofts success mad Bill Gates one of most influential tycoons in the computer industry but it is his love of life, people and society brings him more respect. Gate was more invovled in philantropy in the late 1990s. At the very beginning of 21st century, Bill and his wife Melinda combined three family foundations into one, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, whose main focus is on global issues that are ignored by government and other organiztions. Bill and Melinda Gates have given over $28 billion to charity by 2007.

Henry Ford
Henry Ford was the father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. It was his novel idea that revolutionized transportation and American industry. Always on the hunt for more efficiency and lower costs, in 1913, Ford introduced the moving assembly belt into his plant, which increased production exponentially. By 1916, the price of a car dropped from $825 in 1908 to $360. Then in 1918, half of all cars in America were Model T’s. With huge success with Model T, the idea of assembly lines was borrowed in other fields of production. Had Ford not revolutionized conventional means of production and introduced assembly lines, the automobile industry might never have been transformed into the way it is now.

Had Henry Ford not tried to increase production and lower costs by introducing assembly lines, people would never have afforded a car which used to be the expensive toy for the rich.

automobile
Earth Hour

Do incidents from the past continue to influence the present?
History has a lasting impact on the present. Learning incidents in the past is like exploring for treasure, not gold, but lessons they have learned from the past. When automobiles first came out, the increacing prevalence of cars provided people a more convenient life as it caused a series of environmental problems.

The automobile is built around an engine, which various systems supply with fuel, cool during operation, lubricate moving part and remove exhaust gases. Over the course of the 20th century, the automobile rapidly developed from an expersive toy for the rich into the de facto standard for passenger transport in most developed countries, especially in the United States and other industrialized nations. But for better or worse, the 1900’s can be called the age of the Automobile , and cars will no doubt continue to shape our culture,economy and environment as well into the 21st century. Along with great mobility and job creation, the automobile has brought the use of fossil fuels, a dramatic increase in the rate of accidental death, social isolation and the disconnection of community, rise in obesity, the generation of air and noise pollution and the facilitation of urban sprawl and urban decay.

However, people now are keenly aware of these severe problems metioned above and already have started to take action. Some events, such as Earth hour, have been held to arouse people’a attention to serious pollution and global warming.

Earth hour, a global event organized by World Wide Fund for Nature, is held on the last Saturday of March each year, asking households and businesse to turn off their non-essential lights and other electrical applicances for one hour to raise awareness towards the need to take action on dincote change. Earth Hour was conceived by WWF and The Sydney Morning Herald in 2007. When 22 million residents of Sydney participated by turning off all non-essential lights. Earth Hour 2010 was reportedly the biggest Earth Hour yet with an estimated one billion world participants. Toranto saved 900 megawatt-hours of electricity which was tantamout to 8.7% if measured against a typical March Saturday night.

Our environment may not be as beautiful as it was centuries ago for the bittersweet industrialization, the terrible deforestation and the huge comsumption of fossil fuels. Nevertheless if we collaborate to protect it, a green future is waiting for us.

Life is Beautiful
Life Is Beautiful is a 1997 Italian language film which tells the story of a Jewish Italian, Guido Orefice; he must learn how to use his imagination to hel his son survive their internment in Nazi concerntration camp. Guido marrys a breathtakingly beautiful school teacher Dora and they have a son called Joshua. On Joshua’s fifth birthday., World War Ⅱ is in force and Guido and Joshua are taken to a labor camp. To be with her family, Dora insists to be taken as well. In attempt to keep up Joshua’s spirits, Guido convinces Joshua that the camp is a game and the winner gets a tank. Guido convinces Joshua that if he crys or complains, he loses points. Guido convinces Joshua that the camp guards are mean, because they want the tank for themselves. Guido convinces Joshua that they are in the lead every time when Joshua attemps to end the game and go back home. It was Guido’s novelty and white lies that save his son with no trepidation or fear even though in the end Guido loses his life.

The Last Leaf
The Last Leaf by O. Henry is a short story that tells the story of Sue, Johnsy and their neighbor Behrman, three artists living in an artist colony in Greenwich Village. In November, Johnsy is suffering from pneumonia and give up all desires to live. However, she focuses on an ivy vineon a brich wall outside her window. Convinced that she will die when the last ivy leaf falls, Johnsy watches the vine constanly and Sue’s endeavors to either encourage Johnsy to hope for the future or simply distract her are all in vain. The obsession of Johnsy upsets their neighbor Mr. Behrman, who later stays up all night to paint the perfect single leaf on the brick, after which Mr. Behrman contracted pneumonia. As time goes, Johnsy sees that the last leaf is still firmly attached to the vine, takes it as a sign and with her new attitude begins to improve.