Paper on Water Resources

Paper on Water Resources

Water resources is a main issue I believe needs to be address to make the public aware just how serious our water usage is being threaten. Contaminated waters can cause health issues in humans, plants, and other species that live a marine life. Man has made a negative impact in our society when it comes to protecting our waters from harm. The BP oil spill in the Gulf Of Mexico was the latest example of man made mistakes that not only endangered our waters ,but also damaged the economy in the southern part of the country. The outcome of the tragedy was a ongoing cleanup effort that left damage to marine life endangering reproduction.

Valuable knowledge by scientist insist the world's water situation is in need of a major solution to fix the problem. Third world countries with a high poverty rate know all to well about the importance of clean water. America has been fortunate enough to be the lesser of the countries that face the problem of water resources. The world can take a page out of America's book on how to monitor water. Though the United States water system is better than most it's still has issues mostly in rural areas. Well owners particularly have problems with clean water due to pesticides and septic tanks in the area. Sewage is the outcome of the combination and this makes health issues rise. Infectious diseases become a factor when dealing with sewer water and threatens the drinking water supply.

Coastal development along the ocean fronts can cause harm to marine life. Developers need to take in consideration the harm it causes to sea grass beds and coral reefs. Nuclear plants also contribute to the problem by causing radioactive chemicals. The chemicals in the water can cause birth defects to fish, turtles, and other marine species. Industrial areas are highly to blame for these radioactive chemicals that our waters encounter. Smoke stacks and waste around these site have easy access to water supplies. I view this as more of a political issue to help with this situation.

We use freshwater for bathing, washing clothing, and nourishment for our babies. The use of freshwater should be worry free ,but the changes in the world affect the way we use freshwater. Many of use result to bottle water ,but the question I always ask my self is where does the water being used come from? Bottle water is not always the answer. The government should give vouchers similar to the converter boxes used for digital television to purchase tap water filters. This method would be a great start in ensuring the safety of our drinking water. This would allow us to cut down on purchasing plastic bottled water. The very elimination of plastic would provide for a cleaner environment. 8 percent of the world's water usage is being used in households and the average person uses between 40-50 liters of water.

From my past history in the United States Navy I have witness trash dumping in open ocean waters on numerous occasions. I use to often wonder whether or not this was legal to do. Some trash being dumped contained plastic bottle and aluminum. My research on plastic made me aware that plastic takes years to break down. The very thought can be very disturbing for some of us ,but leaving the trash aboard the ship can also be disturbing as well. I can only think of other vessels that do the same and just how much trash accumulates in the oceans. Judging by the size of the Atlantic Ocean one would think trash dumping is no big deal ,but when you consider hundreds of years doing so it all begins to take toll. The problem is real and something needs to be done now. Polluted waters seem to be a ongoing problem unless there is a more suitable method for vessels to get rid of waste. One way to get a handle on this matter is to issue expensive fines and educate the public more on the outcome of polluting. Large vessels and small boats are being used more in today's world and this adds to what is already too much trash dumping in our oceans.

Surface water comes from rivers, lakes, and freshwater wetland. Precipitation helps make up an excellent surface water system and can benefit farmers. Storing the water is the key for many farmers and this can also be good for crops that require little water usage. The storage capacity in lakes, artificial reservoirs, and the evaporation of precipitation are major factors of water loss.
This is a problem farmers deal with on a yearly basis. Humans play a major role in draining wetlands and this contributes to severe water loss.

The climate can also decide the outcome of the water situation. In some regions droughts can be a major issue in the summer months and floods can also be a factor. Warm temperatures cause evaporation and this will actually increase precipitation in some regions. Unusually warm weather can also affect snow melting on mountaintops causing an increase in storage capacity in lakes and rivers. Hurricanes can be a factor as seen with the outcome of the tragedy in New Orleans. The hurricane cause major flooding and infectious waters flowed throughout the city.
Hot summer weather requires the use of swimming pools to help cool the public. The heated days make for a larger use of water for recreational purposes due to the climate. In this case the climate can help financially for some that make a living off he change of climate.

With all the wealthy countries in the world it is hard to believe that a water system can't be made for the world. The problem again seems to be political more than anything. Technology has come to far in the world for us not to come up with some sort of solution. Research shows the world's water problem was brought to the attention of the world in the 20th century. The fact that we all are aware is a positive step towards fixing the problem. The times before the 20th century dealt with all sorts of unhealthy water issues and the knowledge we gain each day will change the outcome of the future. Water is a necessity for all species and it is a great means of survival. Shipments of bottled water are donated throughout the world to help fight the problem ,but it seems the issue is too overwhelming to fix overnight. The lack of water can cause conflict in regions where water matter of life or death. The Bolivian Water Wars of 2000 is an example of the importance of water in poverty filled countries. China is another place where water related conflicts have drawn world attention. The has smaller countries that rely on water a great deal for the purpose of irrigation are usually the ones that have conflicting issues with water.

Global warming can contribute to rising sea level waters due to melting glaciers. This problem is why floods and strange weather have taken a turn for the worst. Former Vice President Al Gore has been known to address the bad global warming can bring to are environment affecting multiple resources. Water resource would definitely be a factor in this case. The government needs to invest in more researching order to fix the water resources. Scientist believe our freshwater usage is rapidly running out. The government is not the only ones responsible for the safety of our water resources. Citizens can help and we can start to repair the problems our water resources face. It all starts with the little things we our can do like less use of water or keeping high quality to eliminate health issues. Collecting rain water is also a means of conserving water.

Water resources are important for humans, animals, and other species that rely on water. The many resources in water help with the economy, provide transportation, and recreation to people all over the world. The means to make water resources available to all the public continues to be a struggle in some places ,but the messages seems to be heard loud and clear. From a political view or that of a regular citizen of the world we all benefit from this matter. The knowledge I have received from researching this topic was a major wake up for me as an American. I am know more involved in helping the environment and have since passed the information to others.

References

Earth's water distribution. (2007). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved on October 27, 2010 from http://water.usgs.gov/

Scientific Facts on Water: State of the Resource. GreenFacts Website. Retrieved on October 27, 2010 from http://www.greenfacts.org/en/water-resources/index.htm#2.

Water Development and Management Unit - Topics - Irrigation. FAO. Retrieved on October 31, 2010 from http://www.fao.org/nr/water/topics_irrigation.html

Wolf, Aaron T. (2001) Water and Human Security. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education. 118. Retrieved on October 31, 2010 from http://www.worldwater.org/data.html