Paper on the Understanding of Polygamy

Paper on the Understanding of Polygamy

To be able to argue against polygamy, each one of us has to be aware of what it means. Polygamy is to get married with more than one person. For women, having several husbands is called polyandry, and for men it is called polygyny. In Morocco, like any other Muslim country (except Tunisia) Polygamy is a legal concept. However, things have changed since 2004 because of the regulation that was altered due to many issues that family and children face because of polygamy. These changes were prescribed by the “Moudawana” in the family code which says that: a husband is not allowed to get married to a second wife unless he has the authorization of the first one as well as the authorization of the Justice of Morocco. The Moroccan government has to be sure that the husband is going to be capable of providing the need of his wives and children. Still, this law isn’t monitoring what is really happening inside their home: Are the children having the right education? Aren’t they going to be mentally disoriented by having to deal with a lot of people inside the house?

Abdelouahad Radi, the Moroccan Minister of Justice, said that “In 2004, 904 Moroccan men married a second wife, but, in 2007 this number increases to 864.” This decline reflects that Morocco tend to decrease the percentage off polygamy. However, the ADFM (Association Democratique des Femmes au Maroc), which is democratic association that defend women’s right, is not satisfied by this decline, since this last was expecting more. Moroccan women are against polygamy since they assume that it creates gender inequality. They believe that a man is capable to love and take care of one woman.
Therefore, polygamy affects Moroccan families negatively for three main reasons: it increases divorce rate, it affects children negatively, and it creates inequality between men and women.

One of the main issues that are led by polygamy is divorce. In the old family code of Morocco men were allowed to marry more than one wife without the approval of the first one. Moreover, the husbands had the rights to divorce their women whenever they want. In the old generation, women could get married at the age of fifteen. Thus, they were too young to know about their rights and were easily dominated by their husbands. At that time, women were illiterate and divorce was still a taboo topic and a shame for them since they felt obliged to obey to their husbands no matter the situation was(Morocco: Giving more Rights).

Fortunately, things have changed through the new family code. “First wives also reserve the right to seek divorce in case their husbands are marrying a second wife on grounds of the harm associated with the new marriage” (Times). Nowadays, women become equal to men concerning many items. In our time, women can get married until the age of eighteen which makes them more mature and aware about their rights since now a lot of organizations are created to defend women rights. In addition to that, the husband cannot marry another one without the authorization of her first wife. Furthermore, husbands cannot divorce their wives until the justice of Morocco make sure that they are able to pay for children’s education and to afford the needs to their wives. Therefore, Moroccan women ask for divorce as soon as their husbands want to marry another one which increase divorce rate in Morocco. (Morocco: Giving more Rights).