Paper on Samuel Huntington's Theory The Clash of Civilizations

I am going to start off this paper by first saying that I will be talking about the Clash of Civilizations, I will discussing what exactly that the Clash of Civilizations is, and what exactly that it consists of, and the different parts that exist to the Clash of Civilizations, I will be going into depth to give my reader a good idea on what exactly that this topic consists of. I hope to be able to give as much information on this topic as possible.

It was said that Samuel Huntington, the person in charge of being responsible for the “ Clash of Civilizations”, was said to be one of the biggest political scientists, Huntington went on to say that human beings are said to be divided into cultural lines, what he means by this is that the groups are Western, Hindu, and so on. “(Brooks, 2011) Huntington also goes on to say that “ there is no such thing as no universal civilization, and thus it is said that there are cultural blocks within each of those civilizations has it's own distinct set of values.” ( Brooks, 2011 .) Huntington also says that the “ Islamic civilization is said to be the most troublesome, this is said because of the fact that people in the Arab world are said to not share the same suppositions of the rest of the world.” ( Brooks, 2011 .)

It is also said that “ their culture is said to be inhospitable toward certain liberal ideas like such things as pluralism, individualism, and democracy.” (Brooks, 2011 .) It was also said that Huntington “ also saw that Arab regimes were said to be fragile and were also to be threatened by the masses of the massive amount of unemployed young men.” It was said that Huntington “ believed that these regimes would indeed fall but he did not believe that the nations would modernize into a western direction.”(Brooks, 2011 ) It is also said that the Muslim world had something known as “ the Bloody Borders” This was said to be “ wars and tensions where it is said that the Muslim World comes into conflict with other civilizations.” Huntington also says that” no matter what there will be a fundamental clash of the civilizations that involved Islam and the West.”(Brooks, 2011 .)

It is said that Arab nations “ do share a universal hunger for liberty, and they feel the presence of universal human rights and are then said to feel insulted when they are not accorded them.” “ It is said that culture is very important, but it is also said that underneath the cultural differences there are said to be universal aspirations with such things like aspirations for dignity, for political systems to listen to, respond to, and in turn to respect the will of people. “(Brooks, 2011 .) It is said that the clash of civilizations “ would said to be the battle line of the future.”” It is said that the conflicts between princes, nation states, and ideologies were said to be the main conflicts that were involved in the western civilizations.”(Huntington, 1993)

It is said that Huntington's “ Clash of the Civilizations” offers something new to the world of politics.” It is basically said that the clash of the civilizations is basically about international relations theory, Huntington also goes on to say that there is a shift in order to be able to understand Post Cold War global politics.”(http:y//www.alternativesjournal.net/volume1/number2/erdem.htm , retrieved March 17, 2012.) “Huntington goes on to say that the civilizational differences, which are said to have stemmed from religious and cultural values are then said to be the primary causes of regional and global conflicts in the Post Cold War.”(http://www.alternativesjournal.net/volume1/number2/erdem.htm , retrieved March 17, 2012.)

“ It is then said that the clash of the civilizations is almost inevitable, however it is said that it shouldn't be said to be violent.” (http://www.alternativesjournal.net/volume1/number2/erdem.htm , retrieved March 17, 2012.) It is then said that the fault lines between the civilizations was said to have stemmed from differences in both social and political values.” It was said by Huntington that “ civilizations have different values on the relations between god and man, the individual and group, the citizen and state, parents and children, husband and wife and also the views of the relative importance of the rights and responsibilities, liberty and authority, equality and hierarchy.” (http://www.alternativesjournal.net/volume1/number2/erdem.htm , retrieved March 17, 2012.)

“ It was said the Islamic and Western civilizations were the most common to clash because Islam is the only civilization that was said to have aspired the univeralist values and was then said to have posed a significant challenge to the west.”("Clash of Civilizations."Alternatives Journal. N.p., 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2012. .) It is said that “ western univeralism is dangerous to the world because it was said that it could lead to a major intercivilizational war between the core states, and therefore it is said that it is dangerous to the West. ("Clash of Civilizations."Alternatives Journal. N.p., 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2012.) “ It was said that Huntington was in favor of Americanization, and therefore he was against multiculturalism.” “ Huntington argues the point that the dominant cold war can no longer be useful in which it was used to understand the post cold war era, and in turn claims that the civilizational differences will be the primary source of regional and global conflicts”.("Clash of Civilizations."Alternatives Journal. N.p., 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2012. .)

“ It is argued by many that Huntington's views of the West and Islam in which the structure of both worlds have been totally neglected, another scientist argues the point that the idea of the west has undergone a major transformation in the turn of the 21st century.”

“ It is also argued that there is no one single culture as it was said that Huntington had implied that there was, however it was said that there were multiple centers of Islam, and then also various types of political Islam, and then also Islamic in the Muslim World.”("Clash of Civilizations."Alternatives Journal. N.p., 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2012 .)

“It is said that Huntington's theories outlines a future in which” great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict is said to be cultural.” Huntington was also said to divide the civilizations into seven different cultures, those cultures are the following cultures; Western, Latin America, Confucian, Japenense, Islamic, Hindu, and Slavic Orthodox.(Graham, 2004)

“ Huntington goes on to say that the end of the ideological confrontation between the liberal democracy and communism will result in future conflict along the borders between civilizations at what was known as a micro level, but Huntington goes on to say that he predicts conflict to occur between states from the different civilizations for the control of the international institutions and also economic and military power.( Graham, 2004)

“It is said that the Clash of Civilizations is deeply rooted somewhere in Asia, therefore it is said that the historic clash between the Muslim and the Hindu in the subcontinent is said to have manifested itself, and it is no longer a rivalry between Pakistan and India but it is also intensifying reli- giously within India and the militant Hindu groups and also India's Muslim minority.”( Graham, 2004)

“Huntington asserts that since the end of the Cold War a new type of opposition was said to have succeeded the Middle Age conflicts that involved princes between nations. “ Huntington goes on to say that his civilizations are in the conflict that they are because it is drawn by the the incompatible moral and political values, and also the need to survive, and the will the dominate which in turn has caused conflicts for the civilizations that were involved in this conflict.” ( Graham, 2004.)

It is described that Huntington has a lot of other points that were not mentioned by him, and other social scientists believe that these are points that were not brought up and should have been brought up, such points would include such things like he fails to mention and explain why Muslim countries like the Kingdom of Arabia Saudi were said to have taken care part in the Iraqi Coalition.( Graham, 2004.) Therefore it is said by other social scientists that took into account the things that Huntington has said that Huntington was said to be completely ignorant of political alliances or conflicts that did not have a religious origin, such as Liberia.( Graham, 2004.)

Huntington divided the world into eight different civilizations. Those civilizations were the following civilizations:
1.) Sinic- The common culture of China and Chinese, this also included chinese communities in Southeast Asia, and also included Vietnam and Korea.
2.) Japanese- Japanese Culture as different from the rest of Asia.
3.) Hindu- The major Indian Culture
4.) Islamic- Originating on the Arabian Peninsula, spread across North Africa, Iberian Peninsula and Central Asia. Arab, Turkic, Persian and Malay are among the many distinct subdivisions within Islam.
5.) Orthodox centered in Russia. Separate from Western Christendom.

1. Western:centered in Europe and North America.
2. Latin American:Central and South American countries with a past of a corporatist, authoritarian culture. Majority of countries are of a Catholic majority.
3. Africa:while the continent lacks a sense of a pan-African identity, Huntington claims that Africans are also increasingly developing a sense of African Identity( Burgess, 2003)

It is said that Huntington basically predicted the clashes that would occur in every civilization. It was first said that he predicted that there would be a coalition between Islamic and Sinic cultures, and this would involve their enemy, that being the west. Huntington went on to describe the issues that divided the west from the rest of the cultures, those issues were the following:
1.) The west's ability to maintain military superiority through the emerging powers
2.) The promotion of western political values such as human rights and democracy.
3.) The restriction of non-western immigrants and refugees into western societies.

Huntington was said to go into a brief but historical explanation of the conflicts between Islam and Christianity and the west and went on to call the conflicts between the two to be a “ small fault line war” and then also the conflict between the Americas and China was said to have the potential to be called an “ intercivilizational war of core states.: ( Burgess, 2003.)

Huntington went on to explain the conflicts between Islam and Christianity to have the following problems:
the Muslim population growth has generated large numbers of unemployed and dissatisfied youth that become recruits to Islamic causes,
the recent resurgence of Islam has given Muslims a reaffirmation of the relevance of Islam compared to other religions,
the West's attempt to universalize values and institutions, and maintain military superiority has generated intense resentment within Muslim communities,
without the common threat of communism, the West and Islam now perceive each other as enemies, and
increased communication and interaction between Islam and the West has exaggerated the perceived differences between the two societies

In closing, I want to reflect back on everything that was brought up in this paper, I think that there is a lot to take into consideration when it comes to the clash of civilizations, I think that many good points were brought up by Samuel Huntington, I think that he had many points that he stressed throughout his thesis, I think that it is important to remember that there were a lot of very good points that were brought up in this paper, I also believe that other social scientists believed that there were points that he did not bring up and I think that in a way this could of affected his thesis as well, other social scientists were quick to explain what exactly that he didn't point out about the civilizations. I think that there was a lot to learn from this information that I have gathered from this paper, I think that I have taken a lot away from this paper about the clash of civilizations, I believe that this was a very fun topic to learn about, and I have taken a lot of information away from this paper, and I believe that in the future this would be a topic that I would be interested in learning more about in the future.

References:

Brooks. (2011, March 23). Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/04/opinion/04brooks.html?_r=1

Huntington, S. P. (1993). The clash of civilizations. Retrieved from http://www.bintjbeil.com/articles/en/d_huntington.html

"Clash of Civilizations." Alternatives Journal. N.p., 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2012. http://www.historyorb.com/world/clashofcivilizations.shtml
5.) Fox, J. (2002). Retrieved from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/pnorris/Acrobat/Fox_Clash.pdf