Comparing Excerpts by John Winthrop and Benjamin Franklin - Focusing on Their Expression to Ruling Ideologies of Societies They Belonged To

Comparing Excerpts by John Winthrop and Benjamin Franklin - Focusing on Their Expression to Ruling Ideologies of Societies They Belonged To

Compare the excerpts by John Winthrop and Benjamin Franklin with a focus on how they give expression to the ruling ideologies (world-views) of the societies to which they belonged. Support your observations with references to the two texts.

Winthrop was born in 1588 and he lived in a violently moment in England, with many religious differences. He had puritan ideas and he wished to reform the church in his country, in England during this period kings and queen fought against assassination attempts practiced by Catholicism or Protestantism. He decided to look for moral support and gradually joined into a sect called the Puritans. At the same time the spiritual situation in England changed tremendosly. Winthrop and a group of fellow Puritans decide on radical action: they should go to New England and create a new pure and safe community in a place where Puritans could live in God's world and serve God before all things.

His decision was go to America with a group of seven hundred emigrants in a ship called Arbella, and was in this moment when he wrote A Model of Christian Charity, when we read this text about the sermon of Winthrop we can observed his ideas of Puritanism are evident in the hole text, on the one hand he express his own point of view about the life in this moment, for example he said that every man should offer his help to another in every want or distress, and he confirmed that Christ and his church make one body, we can see a great religious implications and in the same time political implication in his publication. He defended the idea that if someone needs your help you must give it without any kind of excuses and without any problem because all are persons and we need to each other. On the other hand, Winthrop does not accept the differences of social classes, he is against it and he thought that the rich people always should help to poor people and many of the social problems would be solved more quickly and also global problems in all aspects, we have to walk together and fight with the Justice and Misery. He also refers to the famine in the world: There is a time when a christian must sell all and give to the poor “if thine Enemy hunger, feed him; Love your Enemies, doe good to them that hate you Math”. His ideology is summarized in the conclusion of the text A model of Christian charity is the love and this is absolutely necessary to the being of the body of Christians the sinews and other ligaments of a natural body, are to the being of that body because the love among Christians is a real thing, not imaginary. In this moment, we can see again the influence of religion and how he wants to expand to the readers and generally to everybody. Also the political morality and the importance of grounding the relationship between authority and liberty in a ideal of community that transcends immediate situation.

Finally the text concludes with a poem about the future in this world and specifically the future in our life, he refers to the society should be change the mind and thoughts.
Therefore let us choose life,
That we and our seed
May live by obeying His
Voice and cleaving to Him
For He is our life and
Our prosperity

Clearly he had a totally religious ideology and always thought about religion, but this is understandable if we think the time when he was living and historical period. In this excerpt he pretends obey to God and follow the religious ideology forever.

Moreover Benjamin Franklin was born in 1706 (Boston) and he was religiously educated in a Presbyterian society. Franklin lived in the American society in the eighteenth century called The Age of Enlightenment, or sometimes The Age of Reason refers to the intellectual movement called the enlightenment. Frankilin will be considered as a enlightenment man because of his reputation as a scientist and as a philosopher, associated with his image as “typical American”. He said that he is as a deist but he still is considered himself as a Christian. He felt that organized religion was really necessary to keep men good, but only sometimes attend to religious services by him. At the same time he tried to break with the church and created a Perfect citizen, because he believes in the science and this progress make a utopia and enthusiasm in his social and intellectual life.

Franklin thought that the new republic could be survive if the people were virtuous and he also cited as a great influence on his life in a book Bonifacius wrote by a puritan preacher, and was in this moment when we see resemblances between John Winthrop and he, because both of them have a key influence on the puritan ideas. He also had a strong faith in a God as morality and goodness in a man. He never was without some religious principles, he never doubted, for instance, he said: The Existence of the Deity, that he made the World,and governed it by his Providence; that most acceptable Service of God was the doing Good to Man; that our Souls are immortal; and that all Crime will be punished and Virtue rewarded either here r hereafter; these I esteem`d the Essentials of every Religion.

Franklin had a different typical mentally compared to John Winthrop for example, he had many scientist friends and he was influenced in some way thanks to they, he also thought that our minds can knows the truth and we can make our right and wrong decisions. Franklin could be considered as Scepticism because he was a kind of person who does not trust in anything until that he probe it and then he can say that it is true
Franklin also published in 1728 a presentation of his beliefs but he did not write about a lot of Puritan concepts like the divinity of Jesus, hell, and also the most religious dogma. In his Thirteen Names of Virtues he wrote about, Temperance, Silence, Order, Resolution, Frugality, Industry, Sincerity, Justice, Moderation, Cleanliness, Tranquilly, Chastity and Humanity . Franklin said that the things on the list might be good things. His intention was acquire these virtues an integral part of his nature, in his autobiography Franklin wrote, "I hope, therefore, that some of my descendants may follow the example and reap the benefit." He also believes that every person can become more "healthy, wealthy, and wise" through hard work and self-discipline. He was influenced by the science and he was also an inventor and a social innovator, is now when we see the difference between the mind of John Winthrop and Benjamin Franklin.

Other important difference is the era in which they lived Benjamin had a more modern mind and for this reason The Pennsylvania Assembly unanimously chose Franklin as their delegate to the Second Continental Congress and he was in the drafted the Declaration of Independence in EEUU. Benjamin Franklin was against slavery and it was the last thing he fought in his life when he was senator in Pennsylvania.