The Baby Boom Generation - Largest of Canada's Population History

The baby boom is the generation that was by far the largest of Canada’s population history. (Fielding & Evans, 2001). It also refers to a demographic period or stage in Canadian History characterized by a surge in population. The young men returning from World War II wanted to begin their families. The baby boom began in 1946 and ended in 1966. You might ask, why was the baby boom a defining moment in Canadian history?. It was a global affect that lead to demographic, cultural and long- term affects and changes.

First of all, the baby boom affected the world in a demographic way. In 1953, Canada was considered the best country to live in (Fielding & Evans, 2001). “The baby boom began with the births of children who had been postponed during the depression” (Krotki, K, & Henripin, J. (n.d.). Baby boom (para. 2). The birth rate grew so dramatically, it caused a swelling in demographic curves. "The baby boom produced about 1.5 million more births in a period of 20 years. "(Krotki, K, & Henripin, J. (n.d.). Baby boom.). The women giving birth to these children were married younger and having the children during the first years of their marriage. After the baby boom people married older and waited longer to have children.( Fielding & Evans, 2001, p. 373)

Secondly, the baby boom had its cultural affects. “A major factor in Canada specifically was that members of the baby boom generation are growing up” (Fielding & Evans, 2001). Postwar baby boom generation was the "coming of age" for Canada. A large amount of the generation became part of the "counterculture" and rebelled against the earlier generation’s values and traditions. Young men had long hair and women wore mini skirts and jeans. Music became a vital way to project your attitude. U.S. artists such as The Beatles, Rolling Stones, and Canadian artists such as Neal Young and Joni Mitchel songs often relayed powerful messages. (Fielding & Evans, 2001, p. 291)

Thirdly, the baby boom affected Canadian history with many long term affects that are still with us today. The baby boom was followed by the Baby Bust , born from 1967 to 1979, and then the Baby Boom Echo born from 1980 to 1995. Eventually, the baby boom resulted in “Teen Culture”. “Many of us grew up with a stereotypical life plan: I’ll go to school, college, get a job, get married, have a family, get a home, and maybe a white picket fence and a dog. Then magically, at 65, I will retire and can finally relax” (Taylor, L. (2009, November 19). Will I be part of "gen u" the generation
unretired?. (Para. 1). Due to all of these large generations Canada’s health care system had to adjust to the demands for more chronic care facilities, geriatric medicine and even plastic surgeons. As more people retire they are drawing out on their pension benefits.

The years of the baby boom definitely affected Canadian history. Nevertheless, it has affected us all demographically, culturally and in the long-term its affects will always be with us. We might just wonder if their will ever be such a life changing baby boom just like the one forty years ago, that turned our world upside down.