Health

Vision 2020: Outlining One Recent Key Policy Documentation and How it Influences a Practice

Vision 2020: Outlining One Recent Key Policy Documentation and How it Influences a Practice

The need to address public health need emanate from government of the day in respond to public out cry, it formulate polices, to address current health issues. Over the years’ policies such as stop smoking, how to survive cancer, saving lives, and so on have not only created awareness amongst the population but also improve the health of certain sections of different communities. One of such policies is the ‘Vision 2020- focusing on the future of district nurses.’ This essay will focus on one aspect of this policy, (Compassion in relation to End of Life Care) and analyse how it influences current and future practice. It will critically analyse the economic, political and philosophical underpinnings of the policy, and appraise the ethical and moral implication for practice whilst drawing on appropriate principles, theories and frameworks. A conclusion will be drawn which will justify the formation of the policy.

A Topic Essay Paper on How Documentation is an Important Part of the Nursing Process

Research Topic Essay
Outlines
• Introduction.
• Definitions.
• Discussion.
1. My Interest.
2. Research Question.
• Conclusion
• References
• Topic articles

Introduction
This is a topic essay paper for research practicum course which discuss about documentation. Documentation is an important part of the nursing process; it is a careful and accurate record keeping. It protects the client’s welfare; clients mean individual, families, groups, population who need nursing expertise. By documentation the nurse can communicate with other health professionals. It is needed to meet legal and professional standards.
The nursing documentation should include:
• Description of the assessment and care plan that is given to the client.
• The important information that is expressed by your client and your response to their needs.
• Any management that you provided to the client for the continuity of care.
• The understanding and fulfillment of your duty of care.

The documentation tools are different from one hospital to another, but they are having some basic ones. The common tolls that you might see are:
• Nursing assessment sheet.
• Nursing care plan.

Breast/Thyroid Cancer Review Article

Breast/Thyroid Cancer Review Article

The relationship between breast and thyroid cancer is one that has been widely discussed and debated in the literature. Although there is a clear association between the two cancers, the cause of this association and the subsequent risks for each cancer remain unclear. The topic is very important for practicing clinicians as the incidence of thyroid cancer continues to rise, and the survival rates for patients with thyroid and breast cancer continue to increase due to improved therapy and earlier detection, putting more women at risk to develop a second neoplasm over their lifetime.

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Research Paper

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Research Paper

An acquired brain injury (ABI), whether it occurs due to trauma or other reasons, is a permanent and life altering condition. An infinite combination of brain areas may be affected, with results that are mild, moderate, or severe. Individuals may be impacted cognitively, emotionally, physically and socially, and require extensive rehabilitation. They face a loss of autonomy and independence, are at risk of becoming socially isolated, may have difficulty learning new skills, and can pose a safety risk. Their world has been turned upside down, and improving their sense of self and purpose in this world, is an important therapeutic goal. The Therapeutic Recreation Specialist is an important member of the treatment team who works with the individual to improve their cognitive and physical functioning. They support the individual in engaging socially with others, in gaining a sense of mastery that leads to self-worth, and ultimately impact factors that relate to quality of life and integration in the community.

The Scope of Mental Health Practice - Historical and Current Views of What Constitutes Advanced Practice in Mental Health Nursing Set Against New Zealand Nursing Council Guidelines

The Scope of Mental Health Practice - Historical and Current Views of What Constitutes Advanced Practice in Mental Health Nursing Set Against New Zealand Nursing Council Guidelines

In the following discourse the scope of mental health practice will be explored. This will be set against historical and current views of what constitutes advanced practice in mental health nursing as set against New Zealand Nursing Council Guidelines.

In doing this it must be recognised that outlining these areas is a large subject and therefore not all will be discussed in depth. Throughout this essay definitions of nursing roles and what separates the novice practitioner from the expert will be explored. Once these have been established the remainder of the essay will reflect on the findings of an actual case dealt with in practice. Through this process it is hoped that the continued advancement of nursing practice can be demonstrated by the generation of new approaches to specific situations.

How Different Nervous Systems in the Body Relate to Dancers

How Different Nervous Systems in the Body Relate to Dancers

The nervous system is very complex and consists of many different parts. In this essay I will look at the 4 main nervous systems, and any subsystems in the body. I will also look at how they relate to dancers.

Central Nervous System
The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord and is the control centre of the nervous system. It is made up of millions of neurones which communicate by sending electrical messages. The central nervous system mainly controls behaviour by processing the’ inputs’ or events that are happening and sending back appropriate ‘outputs’ . (Anissimov, Michael. 2010) This system is vital to dancers for example, how to react when a partner prepares to lift a dancer, the dancer needs to know how to react and how to move the body in order to complete the movement.
(Purchon, Nigel D. 2006) (Wikipedia.2010) (Anissimov, Michael. 2010) (Sanders, Dawn. 2010)

Peripheral Nervous System

The Treatment Technique Known as Dry Needling

The Treatment Technique Known as Dry Needling

Literature Review - The Efficacy of Acupuncture and Acupressure in Chronic Respiratory Conditions

Literature Review - The Efficacy of Acupuncture and Acupressure in Chronic Respiratory Conditions

Acupuncture is an ancient form of Chinese medicine that is now becoming more accepted as a treatment modality for a variety of conditions here in the West. Although there is much disparity between eastern and western concepts by which acupuncture is believed to work, it has been found to useful and efficacious in the treatment of a number of conditions (WHO, 2002). Here in England approximately 7% of the adult population has received acupuncture (2) and the British Medical Acupuncture Society has among its members over 2000 doctors who use acupuncture in general hospital or general practice (3). To date much of the research conducted has concentrated on examining the efficacy of acupuncture on pain control and anti-emesis. A comparatively smaller number of studies have investigated the effect of acupuncture on various respiratory conditions, chiefly those of bronchial asthma and COPD.

Acupuncture and Acupressure

How Emotion and Stress Influence our Health

How Emotion and Stress Influence our Health

Humans being are in the same time strong and weak because of their emotions. Intelligence requires their adaptation to the good and hard situations in life with all it obstacles. Our feeling , emotions and stress have a crucial impact of our choices and decisions but also our health. So how these elements influence our health and why ? What are the method presented to manage the stress and to channel our negatives emotions to the best way? In this research paper I try to respond to these specific questions according to some information from articles and books.

The two models of emotion

Evidence-Based Practice - Understanding of the Meaning Along With it's Benefits and Ways it May Be Implemented in the Healthcare Settings

Evidence-Based Practice - Understanding of the Meaning Along With it's Benefits and Ways it May Be Implemented in the Healthcare Settings

Healthcare revolves around a continuous need for new knowledge. Advances in knowledge and understanding are what allow for numerous improvements in the quality of healthcare offered today. In order to obtain the wisdom for these sought after leaps; a scientific method of research must be adopted and implemented. Evidence-based practice is the tool used to provide the highest standard of healthcare possible. Properly using evidence-based practice requires more than a general definition. This paper will present an expanded understanding of what evidence-based practice is, along with its benefits, and the various ways it may be implemented in the healthcare setting. Fully understanding evidence-based practice and its proper avenues of use are critical to advancing healthcare delivery as a whole.

Tackling Obesity with the Concepts of Behavioral Economics

Tackling Obesity with the Concepts of Behavioral Economics

Introduction

Sleep Deprivation and the Tax it Takes on the Body

Sleep Deprivation and the Tax it Takes on the Body

A large number of Americans have become the victim to sleep deprivation. Most not really grasping the causes or even realizing that there is a problem. One main source is not getting enough sleep at night, in addition to what goes on during every day life with demanding obligations. Finding out what keeps people from obtaining enough sleep at night will assist in the prevention of sleep deprivation. Everyone is different in many ways on why the morning always seems to come too early. Medications, alcohol, stress throughout the day and long work hours can all take part in this issue.

Food for Thought - Changing the Hispanic Lifestyle for Healthier Children

Food for Thought - Changing the Hispanic Lifestyle for Healthier Children

Marijuana vs Tobacco Research Paper

Marijuana vs Tobacco Research Paper

About 50 percent of 12th graders have admitted to using marijuana. And about 40 percent of them smoke it on a regular basis. The question is why is marijuana illegal and tobacco legal? Marijuana has been known as a “gateway drug”, meaning it leads to use of other harder drugs. This is not true. It truly depends on the person whether they are going to do other drugs. People who smoke marijuana do not have a higher chance of getting addicted or even trying cocaine or heroin than non-users. Many negative facts have been told of marijuana, mostly by the tobacco industry, which are false. Why is the tobacco industry so concerned with marijuana and its negative effects? It is because the tobacco industry is trying to take some of the attention off of their product and point the finger at marijuana. Marijuana is healthier, safer, and has more medical use than tobacco does.

Food for Thought - Taking on Childhood Obesity

Food for Thought - Taking on Childhood Obesity

Nurses Professional Duty to Report Concerns from the Workplace Which Put the Safety of People in Your Care or the Public at Risk

Nurses Professional Duty to Report Concerns from the Workplace Which Put the Safety of People in Your Care or the Public at Risk

`Nurses, have a professional duty to report any concerns from the workplace which put the safety of people in your care or the public at risk’, (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010). Report writing plays a big part in maintaining the safety of patients and staff, along with documenting events as they happened. It enables staff members to create short, medium and long term objectives which can be carried out within the workplace to ensure safety if an incident occurs. Also what should be included within a formal report and the reasons behind them will be explored and finally the aspect of whistle blowing will be looked at in more detail.

Paper on Two Aspects of Care Delivery in Nursing

Paper on Two Aspects of Care Delivery in Nursing

Introduction
All aspects of care delivery in nursing are underpinned by government frameworks and guidance from accredited bodies such as The National Institute for health and Clinical excellence (NICE) and the Department of Health (DoH). For this assignment, it was necessary to choose a patient I have cared for as part of my placements in my final year, select two aspects of their care needs and analyse the care management through any clinical decisions made and to back up why the care was given a certain way with relevant research in addition support the information found with any legal or ethical issues that may have arisen. In line with the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Code of Conduct, to ensure confidentiality is upheld throughout this assignment, no actual names of the patient, staff or the placement ward's names will be used (NMC 2008).

Should the Federal Government Legalize the Use of Marijuana for Medicinal Purposes?

Should the Federal Government Legalize the Use of Marijuana for Medicinal Purposes?

Schizophrenia - Understanding this Mental Illness by Investigating the Symptoms, Etiology, and Treatment

Schizophrenia - Understanding this Mental Illness by Investigating the Symptoms, Etiology, and Treatment

Schizophrenia is a severe form of mental illness that has continued to be studied by psychologists and researchers for over 100 years. With a complex number of symptoms and questionable etiology, schizophrenia continues to create confusion to doctors’ today. Although, five main subtypes of schizophrenia are recognized, catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, undifferentiated, and residual schizophrenia, it continues to be a complicated mental illness. This illness seems to be a common trend in serial killers and murderers, but is also a disease that can allow people to live normal and stable lives. More research and continued work with schizophrenic patients is necessary for further understanding of this illness, with hope that they can impact the life of patients with this disease. This paper discusses how to entirely understand this mental illness by investigating the symptoms, etiology, and treatment of schizophrenia.

Herbal Supplements and Their Regulation From the Food and Drug Administration

Herbal Supplements and Their Regulation From the Food and Drug Administration

Medical Malpractice in Morocco

Medical Malpractice in Morocco

Introduction:
According to the Canadian Bar Association “Doctors or health care providers are negligent if they fail to give their patients the standard quality of care that a reasonable doctor or health care provider would give in similar circumstances”. When a person has a disease, automatically, that person thinks about going to a hospital or seeing a professional health provider in hopes of finding help. In fact, people usually think that they can rely on doctors' capacities since those one's are supposed to have years of experience and training that will result in excellent treatment. However, patients end up disappointed by the doctors' treatments and sometimes their health situations become even worse than what they used to be. The wrong treatment given by a medical practitioner because of his negligence is what we call medical malpractice. It could be represented by a failure to diagnose the disease, a misdiagnosis of a disease, not providing the right treatment, or an unreasonable delay in the treatment.

Performance Enhancing Drugs - The Pros and Cons of Steriods

Performance Enhancing Drugs - The Pros and Cons of Steriods

They were introduced to people as a medicine to help cure hypogonadism. This is a condition which causes insufficient testosterone. These are the famous performance enhancing drugs or as we all are familiar with, steroids. Since early years until this present day, there have been many arguments debating over several issues in our society such as abortion, death penalty, adoption, or even religion. Today, sports and drug use are among the most controversial topics and make for a great headliner. According to David Robinson, opponents argue that people who consume PED’s are “cheaters who gain an unfair advantage” while drug supporters think that “…with pro sport increasing its grasp on society, coupled with the pressures placed on athletes to win at all costs, steroids are here to stay.” So should performance enhancing drugs be allowed in sports?

Overweight and Obesity - A Global Epidemic

Overweight and Obesity - A Global Epidemic

Being overweight and obese is a growing problem globally. According to the World Health Organization, the definition of the term overweight is an individual who has a Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeding 25. Obesity has three classes, but it all begins with a BMI exceeding 30, with the highest class, class III, a BMI of 40 or more (Flegal, 1999). Grundy et al. (1999) estimate that the rate of obese adults in the United States today is approximately 55% and steadily increasing. They also have evidence that trends show that the increasing rates are found in both genders and all racial groups, although the increase is more predominant in non-Hispanic black women, Mexican American women or men, and in individuals with lower education and household incomes (1999).

Schizophrenia - Essay Discussing the Aspects of it's Pathophysiology, Therapy, Psychosocial and Public Health Issues in Relation to a Clinical Case of Paranoid Schizophrenia

Introduction:
Schizophrenia is a severely debilitating mental health illness which is relatively common in the UK with a prevalence of 7.2/1000. This essay will discuss aspects of its pathophysiology, therapy, psychosocial and public health issues, in relation to a clinical case of paranoid schizophrenia. The focus is the treatment.

A. Case History
A.i. Psychiatric history

The Real Benefits of Meditation: A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

The Real Benefits of Meditation: A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

Table of Contents
Abstract
Introduction
Research Plan
Part I: Lowers High Blood Pressure
Part II: Deceases Depression
Part III: Increases Intelligence
Discussion
Recommendations
Works Cited

Appendix:
Meditation is an art form that developed many centuries ago. Meditation requires a person to mentally relinquish all thoughts, and be in the present state. Doing this requires much patience and practice, but once one is able to reach a meditative state, the benefits are numerous. What started as an Eastern spiritual practice has not become mainstreamed in the Western world as well. Once one can reach his/her meditative state, the mind can actually heal the body. The mind is a powerful tool that humans possess, but one that is not harnessed for the healing potential that is capable of producing.

Administrative Ethics Paper - Patient Privacy

Administrative Ethics Paper - Patient Privacy

Patient privacy is a major concern for all health care professionals. When a patient’s privacy is leaked out the patient is the one that is most affected. Depending on the person or people that know this personal information depends on the over all affects. Do to all of the side effects the government put into action the patient privacy act and HIPPA. This is their solution to ensuring patient privacy is met at all times. Since HIPPA has been put into place in the health care filed, there have been less patient privacy issues.

Comparative Analysis of the Health Care Systems Offered in the United States and Mexico

Comparative Analysis of the Health Care Systems Offered in the United States and Mexico

Healthcare Comparison of United States and Mexico

Medical Care Delivery in Mexico Compared With the United States

Medical Care Delivery in Mexico Compared With the United States

This paper will discuss Medical Care Delivery of Mexico and compare it with the United States. This paper will discuss the process of medical care delivery in both countries. The topics that will be covered are: focus of care for the patient, the percentage of people in both countries who do not have access to health care or insurance. We will also cover how long it takes for a patient to get a diagnosis and to be treated. This paper will also cover the overall quality of care for both Mexico and the United States. This paper will address the growing demand for long term care that has become a necessity since a large portion of our populations are getting to the retirement age in both countries.

Describe the process of delivering medical care in Mexico

The Real Benefits of Meditation - A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

The Real Benefits of Meditation - A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

Introduction
The practice known as meditation dates back to over five thousand years ago. Being depicted in Indian scriptures discovered many years later, and very popular amongst the Eastern cultures, it was obvious to the Asian civilization that meditation could truly change a person for the better. Meditation was first developed as a way of “going within yourself” to discover the meaning of life, and was more for religious purposes than anything else (Ayammie 1). While in this meditative state, people started to take note of a feeling of awareness that brought happiness and calmness to those who could successfully achieve this level. What was evident to the East, did not seem so important to people on the other side of the world. Meditation did not spread to the West until thousands of years later, finally making its mark in America in the mid-twentieth century. Though meditation finally did catch on to the West, it is still doubted by many if any actual benefits can come from this practice.

Effect of Exercise Training Intensity on Abdominal Visceral Fat and Body Composition -Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise

Effect of Exercise Training Intensity on Abdominal Visceral Fat and Body Composition -Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise

Introduction

Mexico's Dual System of Private and Public Healthcare Coverage

Mexico's Dual System of Private and Public Healthcare Coverage

Abstract
Most countries have a system in place to care for the sick and injured. Like the United States, Mexico has dual systems of both private and public healthcare coverage, however, Mexico provides for all of its citizens. While there are similarities in health care facilities in the larger cities in Mexico, the smaller, more economically downtrodden areas, lack many sufficient services. What healthcare costs there are, they have been shown to be significantly less than those in the United States, being funded by federal and state level programs but with out of pocket costs still possible for those not participating in either a public or private health plan. With people living longer and in more concentrated groups, there is a need for a sound public health system in place. The public health system provides the citizens with protection from disease through prevention and care. Working together, public and private health sectors in Mexico can effectively manage a majority of the population’s health problems while working towards preventing future harms.

Introduction

Music Therapy and Nursing - A Non-Pharmacological Approach to Nursing

Music Therapy and Nursing - A Non-Pharmacological Approach to Nursing

As I am learning more and more about the profession of nursing I have become interested in non-pharmacological approaches to nursing. There are many times that medication is used to either progress a feeling or suppress it. I have looked to music therapy to provide the same outcome that medication provides without the side effects and wear and tear on the body. I believe that it is important for nurses to look to music to ease such feelings of pain, suffering, and to stimulate the mind and soul.

Paper on the Article Examining Lateral Violence in the Nursing Workforce

“Examining Lateral Violence in the Nursing Workforce”, is an article that discussed a study that was performed to determine the presence and effects of lateral violence in the nursing workplace. This article stated, “LV is described as nurse-on-nurse aggression and inter-group conflict (Duffy, 1995; Farrell, 1997).” A survey was developed based on this definition with a collaborative team at a tertiary care medical center. The purpose of this survey was to determine if LV existed on the units so that the nurses and nurse leaders would be able to make the appropriate changes to put an end to it.

The Personhood of Dementia Care in Residential Service

The Personhood of Dementia Care in Residential Service

“Service for people with dementia is non individual, as individualized service is a high-cost high prestige type of service delivery. In contrast, the services for people with dementia are often institutionalized……. . ” (Cheston & Richard, 1999, p.13)

Introduction
With the rapid ageing population growth (香港耆康老人福利會, 2002;HKSAR Census & Statistics Department, 2000) and increasing number of elderly with dementia, an uplifted demand for institutional long term care is resulted. In response to the public demand for dementia services, the Hong Kong Permanent Secretary for Labour and Welfare claims that 1700 million dollars are allocated as Dementia Supplement in 2009 and 2010 for subsidy of elderly with dementia (成報,26/02/2009). What seems a welcome change unexpectedly gives rise to controversies over the issue about insufficient resources and lowering quality of care for elderly with dementia (香港特別行政區政府新聞處,09/10/2009; 東方日報, 10/10/2009).

Improving Healthcare In The United States

Improving Healthcare In The United States

On any given day in this country millions of American’s receive adequate health care which serves to restore, promote, and improve their physical and mental well-being. Unfortunately, a significant many do not. In a nation where celebrity icons, CEO’s, and political figures, to name but a few, enjoy a life of flagrant and superfluous material possessions and wealth, it is virtually unconscionable that any individual within this society should be denied the basic human right of health-care. However, more than forty-six million American women, men, and children are living without health-insurance (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006). In a 2009 address to a joint session of Congress, the President stated,

Advancing Parental Age and Increased Autism Risk

Advancing Parental Age and Increased Autism Risk

The Bodies Use of Free Fatty Acids (FFA) in Fed and Fasted States

The Bodies Use of Free Fatty Acids (FFA) in Fed and Fasted States

I think I will learn about the bodies use of FFA in the fed and fasted states. I will learn how FFA’s can dictate insulin secretion. The relationship between FFA and insulin secretion seems to be the focus of the article. FFA’s allow an important step in glucose secretory process to take place, because without it the insulin levels tend to be out of control.

Vocabulary
Ablation- describes a gene that has been silenced for purpose of experimentation.
Bolus- The administration of a medication, or drug to make a compound easier to test in a lab.
Secretagogues- Cause substances to be secreted.
Insulin secretagogues- Trigger insulin secretion by direct action on the K(ATP) channel.
Nonglucose secretagogues- Trigger insulin secretion without any direct action from the K(ATP) channel.
Perfused- The process of nutrient delivery of arterial blood to tissue.

Comprehension
Introduction:
1. What is the overall purpose of the research? The purpsose of the research is to “understand the importance of fatty acids in the regulation of pancreatic Beta cell fuction”.(2371)

Assessment of Diabetes Type 2 as a Health Need

Assessment of Diabetes Type 2 as a Health Need

Discussion in this essay will be an assessment of Diabetes Type 2 as a health need. This will entail statistics and epidemiology associated with Diabetes type 2, why it is considered a public health issue, the identification of a target of those most at risk of developing diabetes type 2, the culture specific populations at risk, relevant global and national policies and where this health need is identified in Bradshaw’s theory of needs.
This will be followed by an overview of the health promotion approach and SMART objectives of the health promotion group.
Finally an evaluation of the health promotion activity will be discussed. Enlisted in the evaluation will be the evaluation process applied to the health promotion activity, statistics from the public , the role of the health promoter, other environments that would have been more appropriate for the health promotion activity to be conducted.

Assessment of Health Need
The health promotion group were given Diabetes Type 2 as the topic for the health promotion activity. The group gathered relevant epidemiological and demographic statistics regarding to diabetes type 2.

Observational and Transversal Study of Stable Coronary Artery Disease Among Cardiology Patients

Introduction

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) or significant coronary arterial disease (CAD) are all considered at high-risk for cardiac and cerebrovascular events. The common underlying atherosclerotic process and the concomitance of advanced stages in diverse arterial beds, justify why patients with PAD, including those who do not have cardiac symptoms, are in the same risk category of patients with known coronary artery disease.

The high significance of this topic influenced many different medical societies to develop guidelines for appropriate risk factors control, such as the Inter-Society Consensus for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II); the ACC/AHA 2005 Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with peripheral arterial disease and the IV Brazilian Guideline for Dyslipidemia and Atherosclerosis prevention from the Department of Atherosclerosis of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology. However, those recommendations are frequently not translated into clinical practice, as already demonstrated in this context and also in other clinical situations (tromborisk).

Molecules of Life - Discussing Antibiotic Resistance

Molecules of Life - Discussing Antibiotic Resistance

Just like Fleming said, “one sometimes finds what one is not looking for”, the existence of antibiotics were found by him in this interesting way. This opens the era for the antibiotics. However, under the glorious effects that antibiotics can give people, in the modern time, so widely used by people all around the world, a severe problem comes to us, the antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotic resistance is a type of drug resistance where a microorganism is able to survive the exposure to an antibiotic. Genes can be transferred between bacteria in a horizontal fashion by conjugation, transduction, or transformation. Thus a gene for antibiotic resistance which had evolved via natural selection may be shared. Evolutionary stress such as exposure to antibiotics then selects for the antibiotic resistant trait. Many antibiotic resistance genes reside on plasmids, facilitating their transfer. If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called multiresistant or, informally, a superbug or super bacterium. ----(1)

Health Needs Assessment - Professional Issues in Health

Health Needs Assessment - Professional Issues in Health

In this essay I will be conducting a health needs assessment, to do this I will be looking at two key factors in my local community, to understand what a health need assessment is it will be easier to define this; The National Health Service of Evidence in February 2011 explained that Health needs assessment is a systematic method for reviewing the health issues facing a population, leading to agreed priorities and reduce allocation that will improve health and reduce inequalities.

The Effects of Restaurant Food on Children

The Effects of Restaurant Food on Children

In the 1950’s women predominately were homemakers, staying at home all day to care for the children, prepare meals for their family, and maintain the household while men were primarily responsible for making money in the work field to provide for their family. Today however, it is not uncommon that both parents in the household are working all day to support their families. This means that less and less meals are being prepared in the home and more and more meals are being purchase from a drive through window. Preparing family dinners rather than purchasing food from restaurants has the potential to decrease childhood obesity, help facilitate healthy communication, and teach children healthy eating habits that they will use for the rest of their lives.

Estrogen as Part of Bone Resorption in the Body

Estrogens as Part of Bone Resorption in the Body

Paper on Why I think the Use of DDT Should Be Banned Worldwide

Paper on Why I think the Use of DDT Should Be Banned Worldwide

The widespread use of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) should be banned worldwide because of the chemicals irreversible and damaging effects on the environment.

DDT was a chemical that was first discovered in the late 1800’s. It wasn’t until 1939 that its ability to kill mosquitoes and lice was discovered and the chemical was then used to control the spread of malaria and typhus during World War II. After the war DDT was authorized for use as an agricultural pesticide because of its effectiveness as an insect killer, and is to this day, at least by name one of the most popular insecticides ever used. Unfortunately, the negative effects of this powerful insecticide soon became known and the use of DDT as an insecticide was banned in the United States in 1972. Eventually, in 2001, (panna.org, ND) DDT was banned for agricultural use worldwide by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Pollutants.

Further Prototypes of Ego Formation—A Working Paper from a Research Project on Early Development

Further Prototypes of Ego Formation—A Working Paper from a Research Project on Early Development

For many years, separately and together, the authors have been conducting research with infants. These investigations have involved detailed observations of infant behavior, electroencephalographic studies, naturalistic studies of mother-infant interaction, and a number of theoretical explorations derived from these and other investigations.

Our recent research efforts have been inspired by Freud's trailbreaking work in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality(1905). The principal theoretical statements which have guided us were formulated systematically in three publications of Spitz (1958), (1959), (1961).

The following propositions from an overall framework for our research.

1. There is no aspect, activity, function, or structure of the psyche that is not subject to development.

2. Development is the resultant of the interplay of innate and experiential factors which themselves are often inextricably interwoven.

3. Innate factors include hereditary aspects and aspects pertaining to intrauterine and intrapartum events.

Various Therapy Principles For Working In The Prenatal Care Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Various Therapy Principles For Working In The Prenatal Care Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Abstract

This paper demonstrates various therapy principles based on clinical experiences when working with high risk pregnant women in Prenatal Care, and premature babies, and their mothers in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The development of these principles are based on the work of a variety of theorists and clinicians who have comprehensive knowledge studying on the early relationship between high risk pregnant women and their babies from the womb to birth in the NICU.

Keywords: principles, combinations, early relationship, pregnant, NICU

Paper on Dental Hygiene

Dental Hygiene

To many people the profession of a dental hygienist seems like a disgusting job. Sure, no one wants to have their hands and face six inches from a strangers mouth picking out food and plaque, but somebody has got to do it right? I cannot even begin to count how many scrunched faces I get or how many comments I get on how gross of a profession it is. But for me, I always enjoyed going to the dentist. I was about six years old and even though most kids my age probably weren’t as excited to go to that scary place, I loved going.

Paper on The Central Nervous System

Paper on The Central Nervous System

The central nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord and involves nerve impulses. The central nervous system is connected to all parts of the body from the peripheral nervous system. It sends stimuli to the peripheral nervous system which interprets it. The peripheral nervous system then initiates and responds. (Ophardt, C (2003). elmhurst college. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Virtual Chembook Web site: http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/661nervoussys.html).

Essay Based on Essence of Care and My Chosen Scenario Within the Module

Essay Based on Essence of Care and My Chosen Scenario Within the Module

This essay is based on ‘Essence of Care’ and my chosen scenario within the module and is based around the learning outcomes of the module.
During this essay I will be discussing my chosen scenario; Scenario one, I will talk about the circumstances leading up to the evaluation, and the things I learned during my module based around the scenario. I will discuss what I prepared for the evaluation and how the evaluation went for me, including details of what happened during my assessment. Lastly, I will talk about what I feel are my strengths and weaknesses during the duration of scenario one simulation, and the things I think could have been changed, including the lead up to the assessment and the evaluation and what could have been included.

Response Discimination of Patients with Scizophernia and Bipolar Disorder in a Computer Generated Test of Auditory and Visual Attention Functioning

A previous study by Baerwald, Tryon, and Stanford (2005) examined response discrimination of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in a computer generated test of auditory and visual attention functioning (IVA). 95 patients out of 131 potential participants met the inclusionary criteria to participate in this study; no history of head injury, no history of schizoaffective disorder, scored “within normal limits” on the Mini-Mental Status Exam, and received a concordant diagnosis from the intake psychiatrists. 44 Patients with bipolar disorder and 51 patients with schizophrenia were contrasted to a “normal” comparison group in two conditions; simple modal responses, and ipsimodal or crossmodal responses. The simple modal condition presented auditory and visual stimuli in a random pattern in order to test the participants’ attention and impulsivity, while the ipsimodal and crossmodal conditions tested the participant’s attention during continuous and independent stimuli (i.e., auditory to auditory, visual to visual, or auditory to visual, visual to auditory.)

Pharmaceutical Specialty: Compounding Pharmacist

Pharmaceutical Specialty: Compounding Pharmacist

Focus on Ethics - Maternal Infant Child Health Care

Focus on Ethics - Maternal Infant Child Health Care

Abstract

Ethical dilemmas are unavoidable as each person has their own set of values and morals. There are many possible actions and viewpoints to be considered when reaching a decision. For this paper I will work through an ethical dilemma using a decision making model to come up with what I feel is the best decision. I will also discuss what my role is as a nurse in this ethical dilemma.

Focus on Ethics

Introduction

I am a neonatal nurse taking care of a full term medically unstable baby girl. She has numerous health problems that need to be dealt with in a timely matter for the best outcome possible. The issue at hand is that her parents are refusing the treatments needed to help save the baby’s life. The medical team believes it is in this baby’s best interest to treat her. Who should decide on what should be done?
As a guide to work through this ethical problem I will use the Thompson and Thompson Ethical decision-making model (1990).
Nature of the problem

The Geriatric Challenge - A Paper Illustrating Various Principles of Geriatric Care

The Geriatric Challenge - A Paper Illustrating Various Principles of Geriatric Care

Abstract

In our professional world the number of people 65 and older requiring respiratory care for both chronic and acute conditions clearly comprises an enourmous percentage of of the workload of a Respiratory Care Practitioner. This patient population demands an extraordinary level of empathy for their unique and challenging requirements. The respiratory care practitioner must go into this business knowing very well that an unusually high amount of maintenance will be required as well as a high level of professional understanding and patience in all aspects of their field. As we are their trusted caregivers, no level of professionalism but the highest will ensure both excellent delivery of care to our patients and minimal on-the-job stress for the therapists themselves.

Short Paper on Genetics - Genetic Engineering and Cloning

Short Paper on Genetics - Genetic Engineering and Cloning

Genetics is the science of DNA and diseases due to its deterioration . DNA is the molecule that contains the information of the construction of our body . As far as I’m concerned this allowed us to discover the body to the microscopic level and then find the cure of many diseases that affect us closely . The direct human modification of an organism’s genetic material is called genetic engineering that regards the manipulation of genes . Organisms resulting from use of these techniques are called genetically modified organisms . Another extraordinary aspect of the genetic is cloning .
Cloning is the method by which you try to create an identical copy of someone Or something

Reaction Paper on the Effects of Smoking and Health

Reaction Paper on Smoking

The lecture held on the 27th October 2010 about smoking. This lecture was divided into 4 sub lectures that highlight the effects of smoking on the health.

Starting by the first one, the lecturer stressed on three main components of smoking: Attitude, habitude and dependence. Initially, we can identify a pre-smoker through his attitude, seeing as a beginning of smoking. In other words, the pre-smoker tempts to adopt the “adults’ model”. Knowing that a great many of adults tend to smoke, teenagers feel tempted to incorporate their “fancy” attitude, as they may believe. Then, the first cigarette tasted stimulates the desire to smoke other ones. Consequently, smoking turns into a habit and therefore it becomes very difficult to quit! This is what leads ultimately to what is known as a kind of “slavery” or addiction. In other words, the smoker becomes gradually addicted to cigarette until he reaches the higher stage of addiction, when it is too late to go backwards. We may wonder what arouses this addiction.

Discussing Egg Donation - Is it Supporting the Trade of Organs?

Discussing Egg Donation - Is it Supporting the Trade of Organs?

Childhood Obesity and the National School Lunch Program

Childhood Obesity and the National School Lunch Program

A Call to Action

Research Paper on the Effect of Botox Injections on Children with Cerebral Palsy

Research Paper on the Effect of Botox Injections on Children with Cerebral Palsy

A lot of research has been done in regards to the effect of using Botulinum Toxin Type A, also known as Botox, injections in children with cerebral palsy. During my internship, I have seen several patients that have received these injections and have seen improvements in their mobility, which allows the physical and occupational therapists to get better, more full range of motion out of them during their sessions. I wanted to know why Botox injections make such an improvement and if they work in most populations.

Understanding Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is like a three-legged stool. All three legs of a stool are continually needed in their entirety to help maintain balance. If one of those legs becomes weakened or eliminated, the stool will fall. Osteoporosis works just the same way with nutrition, weight-bearing exercise, and estrogen serving as its three legs. Therefore when a leg of osteoporosis becomes absent or inadequate in an individual’s life, the condition worsens and overall health declines.

The Food Industry - Who Controls it, Controls What We Eat

The Food Industry - Who Controls it, Controls What We Eat

The food industry is one of the biggest industries world-wide, and those who control it, control what we eat. We definitely are not aware to everything that goes on behind the scenes because big business executives go to every extent to keep what certain highly “efficient”, highly unnatural, techniques they use under wraps. Why? The answer is unclear, but put the facts together to form your own unique perspective. In the late 1800s and the early 1900s, the food industry was a very frightening scene. The health codes, non-existent by the way, were enough to make a person vomit. Now, we have more regulations about safety of our food, but really, haven’t we created more problems than we started with, and allowed the big food companies to become extremely powerful?

Rehabilitation Of Schizophrenia

Rehabilitation Of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is diagnosable psychological disorder which results in the patient suffering from paranoid and unreasonable fears and beliefs in what would be considered normal situations, thereby preventing the individual from functioning in a socially acceptable manner (Schactner D.L., Gilbert D.T, Wegner D.M., 2010, p.519). This disorder has normally been treated the same as many other psychological disorders where the use of medication is used to sedate the responses that are deemed to be socially unacceptable. This practice of using pharmaceutical drugs has not always been found effective and sometime has no effect at all. Recently attempts to rehabilitate a patients mind, rather than sedate it with medication has brought mixed reviews (Silverstein S.M., Wilkniss S.M., The Future of Cognitive Rehabilitation of Schizophrenia, 2004).

Should it Be Mandatory for Everyone to Donate Organs when they Die?

Should it Be Mandatory for Everyone to Donate Organs when they Die?

Organ donation is important for saving life as a result this process should be mandatory, that is definitely to increase the organ supply and the good way to stop organ black market. On another hand, it can be argue that process is unlikely with human right and some culture objection.

Legislation organ donation is increasing the organ supply. Now number of people who need organ has grows up faster than supply obtainable. This is definitely the best way save life and also cut down the long waiting list for organ. Every patient has opportunity for received organ not only rich patients. These are obviously benefits people will get from mandatory organ donation.

Qualitative Research Critical Analysis Paper: The Lived Experience of Healthy Behaviors in People with Debilitating Illness

Qualitative Research Critical Analysis Paper:The Lived Experience of Healthy Behaviors in People with Debilitating Illness

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the study “The lived experience of health behaviors in people with debilitating illness” (Haynes & Watt, 2008). Within this summary it will critique and describe the qualitative methodology used in the study, the appropriateness and relevance of the design for the study purpose, the study purpose, the target population, the study participants, and the setting the study participants are in. This paper will critique and describe ethical issues mentioned in the study and ethical issues not mentioned in the study, but are of importance to the study population. It will also critique and describe the data quality methods used, the research findings, the limitations as they relate to the study purpose, the implications for nursing practice, and conclude with a brief summary.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) - Energetic Perspectives on Practice

Energetic Perspectives on Practice

Introduction:

In this essay; the author would like to discuss Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and the philosophies, beliefs, religions and values of the Chinese culture that have influenced the health care system in China. The author would also like to include a comparison between the Chinese and Western approaches to diagnosis and treatments of illness and disease and how the integration of the five element theory (5E) could contribute to the holistic care of an individual combined with aromatherapy. Also included will be the regulation, training and research requirements of both China and the U.K.

Tradional Chinese Medicine

Essay on Asperger's Syndrome

Essay on Asperger’s Syndrome

Imagine this: It’s time for math, but your students sit at tables covered with watermelons and napkins. Today is a hands-on day, and they get to estimate the number of seeds in each piece of melon before counting them. Then you hear it: Caleb has thrown himself on the floor in a full-blown tantrum. He’s crying, he’s shaking, and you’re not sure what to do (Scholastic Inc. 2009).

Let’s face it, when you have 30 kids in a classroom, keeping your cool when one of them has lost his can be hard. But Caleb has Asperger’s syndrome, a developmental disorder similar to but milder than autism. His tantrum may seem inexplicable, but the trick, especially when dealing with a child who has Asperger’s, is to dig a little deeper. Remember the best defense is a good offense. Start by thinking outside the box. Understanding the syndrome will be your best preparation in the classroom (Scholastic Inc. 2009).

Dimensions of Health - How Risky Behavior Can Affect Your Life

All of your dimensions of health intertwine in some kind of way. Unhealthy, risky behaviors can affect your life in a big way if you decide to participate in them. Everyone is responsible for their own decisions in life and when someone decides to engage in risky behaviors like, drinking alcohol, having unprotected sex, doing drugs and other risky behaviors, they are putting their life in danger as well as the people around them.

Getting Over Nutritionism – Not Too Much: How To Eat

Getting Over Nutritionism – Not Too Much: How To Eat

French people tend to have better eating habits, because they control how much to eat and what foods are considered good to eat. Most Americans are likely to snack throughout the day and have a tendency to eat food or snacks in front of the TV, in the car, or while working on a computer. French people eat most of their meals with their family members instead of by themselves. A food culture includes “the set of manners, eating habits, and unspoken rules that together manage a people’s relationship to food and eating.” (182) French people eat foods with fewer calories, but know how to savor the taste over a period of time.

Cerebral Blood Flow and Vascular Physiology

Cerebral Blood Flow and Vascular Physiology

Paper Outline:

Cerebrovascular anatomy
Arterial supply
Venous drainage
Dural venous sinuses
Normal cerebral blood flow and metabolism
Measurement of cerebral blood flow
Global CBF
Regional CBF
Transcranial Doppler sonography
Local CBF
Control of the cerebral circulation
Flow–metabolism coupling
Mediators of flow–metabolism coupling
Temperature effects on flow–metabolism coupling
CO2 vasoreactivity
Mechanism of CO2 vasoreactivity
Conditions that alter CO2 vasoreactivity
Hypoxemia-induced cerebral vasodilation
Effects of viscosity on CBF
Blood pressure or cerebral perfusion pressure (cerebral autoregulation)
Normal flow, pressure, and resistance relationships
Mechanisms of autoregulation
The metabolic mechanism
The myogenic mechanism
The neurogenic mechanism
Abnormal autoregulation
Limits of autoregulation
Autoregulation testing
Conclusion
Appendix
References
Copyright

Cerebrovascular anatomy

Arterial supply

Discussing the Relationship between Nursing and Technology

Relationship Between Nursing and Technology

To date, nurses have rarely been “at the table” in regard to developing much of the biomedical technology that affects their practice. Nursing most often inherits or receives technology developed by other discipline. Medical technology is NOT nursing technology, and yet it is most often imposed on nurses. At point of patient care, nurses use technology to improve the quality/client care and generate data about nursing outcomes. The need for nursing informatics is clear, as is the need for nurses to embrace technology and care.

Despite such developments there are several factors that may be contributing to a technology lag:

Access to Healthcare Among Homeless Populations of Cleveland - An Introspective Analysis

Access to Health Care among Homeless Populations of Cleveland: An Introspective Analysis

Introduction

Intensive Aromatic Interventions - An Essay on Aromatherapy

INTENSIVE AROMATIC INTERVENTIONS

INTRODUCTION

In this essay; the author would like to examine the comparisons between the French and British approaches in their application, education and regulations of essential oils. The author would also like to include a selection of intensively applied aromatic treatments and the outcomes of clients who attended Napier University Student Lead Clinics.

It is important to compare the many differences between the two countries to be able to move aromatherapy forward in Britain and be more accepted by the medical professions and take away the idea that essential oils are only useful for the perfume and beauty industries. Although essential oils are an important part of the perfume and beauty industry and are still required there is a definite place in health care and medicine for aromatherapy.
A better understanding of the intensive approach used by French physicians will help to incorporate aromatherapy into Western medicine.

FRENCH AROMATHERAPY

Better Health, Better Grades

Better Health, Better Grades

Is wisdom to the soul just as important as health is to the body? To me, it is more than important, it is crucial. I have not always been the healthiest person or the brightest at times, but to see where I have come from as a person makes me want to grow more as a student. Learning about health in my foods and nutrition class has completely changed my outlook on what food really is. Yes, it is something that satisfies your body. However, is it satisfying your soul? It amazes me how one simple change in my diet could effect my actions and choices in and out of school.

On average, I would drink nine to ten cans of Pepsi a week and I would eat out at fast food at least three. I have never in my life drunk a whole bottle of water until I sat in my health class. When I started drinking only strictly water and eliminating fast food, I noticed a difference almost immediately. I paid more attention in school, my attitude was better at home, and I started to feel confident that I could reach my goals. I use to have a C average, but now I am on honor roll.

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