Education

The Short Paper – Writing a Critical Analysis

The Short Paper – A Critical Analysis

A critical analysis relies on research into what has already been written on a topic which can then be used to analyze the author’s argument. It is not a mere report on what has been said. It requires critical thinking to present a developed argument to support your evaluation of the author’s work. While this is an individual assignment, the research needed can be incorporated in the final group project.

Stages in Essay Writing

Stages in Essay Writing

Remember: Essay writing is made much easier if it is tackled in stages, because you aren’t asking your mind to do too much at once. The main stages, together with some advice about each, are as follows:
1. Analyzing the Question to decide what is required.
a. Read and think about the question (and any accompanying advice on how to approach it) very carefully.
b. Underline key words and check their meaning, if necessary. Distinguish between content and process parts of the question, e.g. evaluate, discuss, compare and contrast. Possibly try paraphrasing the question in your own words.
c. If you are in any doubt about the meaning of the question then ask advice, e.g. from your tutor. This is not cheating!
2. Reading/re-reading relevant material, with the question in mind
a. Investigate all likely sources (e.g. with OU set books, articles, radio and TV notes as well as the Units).
b. Make any notes, as necessary – this may simply mean marking useful passages; noting page references etc.
3. Selecting and noting down relevant material to be included.

APA Writing Style and Mechanics: A User’s Guide

APA Writing Style and Mechanics: A User’s Guide

Writing in the style prescribed by the American Psychological Association (APA) (2001), Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, can be a daunting experience for both graduate students and faculty members (Polly Proofreader, personal communication, January 4, 1999). Green and Gold (1996) suggest that an additional guide can be helpful, minimizing the need for searching through the sometimes confusing and highly detailed text of APA. In this paper, a review of the information most often used by students is presented.

Format Considerations
The most common errors students make are in the margins, running head, header, and reference page format (Green & Gold, 1996). Additional errors noted by faculty include in-text citations of direct quotes or paraphrased material (Maka Mistake, personal communication, September 20, 2001).

Correct Margins

Culturally & Linguistically Diverse Students

Culturally & Linguistically Diverse Students

The Art of Mentoring

The Art of Mentoring

Introduction
According to Schemm, R.L. and Bross, T. (1995), the act of mentoring is defined as a process where a younger, fresher individual is paired with an older, more seasoned person for the purpose of attaining guidance and support. Mentoring is becoming increasingly prevalent in today’s work force, and becoming more of a necessity rather than a consideration. This is especially true for those in a more scholarly setting. It is likely that most, if not all, individuals will form one of these mentor-mentee relationships during some point in his or her professional career. There are several advantages, as well as possible disadvantages, to forming one of these relationships. When thinking of mentoring, a one on one mentor-mentee relationship usually comes to mind; however, multiple-mentor relationships make another valid option available. In any mentoring relationship, there does come a great deal of responsibility. Mentoring is a growing trend among working professionals; it has many benefits, and will help individuals achieve success, and provide a fulfilling role for the mentor.

Advantages

The Art of Mentoring

The Art of Mentoring

Introduction:
According to Schemm, R.L. and Bross, T. (1995), the act of mentoring is defined as a process where a younger, fresher individual is paired with an older, more seasoned person for the purpose of attaining guidance and support. Mentoring is becoming increasingly prevalent in today’s work force, and becoming more of a necessity rather than a consideration. This is especially true for those in a more scholarly setting. It is likely that most, if not all, individuals will form one of these mentor-mentee relationships during some point in his or her professional career. There are several advantages, as well as possible disadvantages, to forming one of these relationships. When thinking of mentoring, a one on one mentor-mentee relationship usually comes to mind; however, multiple-mentor relationships make another valid option available. In any mentoring relationship, there does come a great deal of responsibility. Mentoring is a growing trend among working professionals; it has many benefits, and will help individuals achieve success, and provide a fulfilling role for the mentor.

Advantages:

Paper Writing Example Template

Paper Writing Example Template

Your Full Name
Course Title
Name of the lecturer with the appropriate title
Name of TA
Date

Title (Bold, Centered) - (Title should indicate the focus of your paper, as well as mention the text and author that you're working on). Example:
Marginalized Others in Hemingway's "The Killers"

Always use Times New Roman font , size 12 and double space the lines. Insert page numbers. Formal academic writing requires full sentences (subject and verb in every sentence). Do not use contractions (e.g. do not write "don't" instead of "do not"). This paragraph is shorter than an average one in a student paper, but we need to start a new one to make sure you know how it looks.
Body of your text: Indent the beginning of every paragraph using the ruler function in Word – drag the upper gray triangle inwards to 1cm (yes, the example below shows a slightly bigger margin):

Technology Lesson Paper - Advantages of Technology Such as Smart Boards, Microsoft Power Point and Google in the Classroom

Technology Lesson Paper - Advantages of Technology Such as Smart Boards, Microsoft Power Point and Google in the Classroom

How Can One-to-One Conversations Develop Relationships and Improve Behavior Within the Classroom?

How Can One-to-One Conversations Develop Relationships and Improve Behavior Within the Classroom?

Effective behaviour management is widely regarded as being one of the most vital abilities for a teacher to possess in order to run a classroom effectively. Admittedly, when I first started my placement I had no real reason to doubt my capabilities in controlling a class. My previous placement had been at a private school, set within a year two class where no real issues around behaviour were present. So going into this main placement I was (maybe naively) relatively confident in the area of behaviour management.

For my main placement (in which this study took place) I was placed with a year six class, in a school placed in a rural village in Gloucestershire. The children predominately came from middle class families. With the aforementioned in mind, I had predicted that I should have few issues with controlling the pupils’ behaviour. However, as I began to spend time with the class, it became apparent that there were a few pupils within the class that could be very detrimental to the flow of a lesson.

Stopping Censorship: Academics Hold the Key

Stopping Censorship: Academics Hold the Key

It was not the first time that it was reported, but it was shocking nonetheless. In May 2005, German journalists working in Iran published an article about the usage of censorship in Iranian schools and universities. It seemed that books were selectively chosen on their pro-Islamic and their anti-western stand. It did not matter if certain books were needed for university education; the only thing important for the Iranian Heads of Education was the fact that their students had to be protected against the so-called wicked ideas of the west.

Obviously, most people already knew that the Iranian regime never cared about unbiased academic education anyway, but the fact that the practice of censorship had increased so much in Iranian educational institutions was unheard of. Unfortunately, there are signals that more countries, under the influence of totalitarian views, have turned to censoring books and academic programs. The phenomenon that all over the world people are getting degrees after following an incompetent academic education must be stopped. Western academics have to rise up against this phenomenon.

Writing the College Application Essay

Writing the College Application Essay

Introduction
There are several types of information that colleges will be receiving about you. The application tells them your name, address and various facts. The transcript shows your choice of classes, grades and some test scores. A résumé will show a list of extra-curricular activities, and recommendation letters will present teachers’ and counselors’ observations about you at Fairview. The college essay is your opportunity to “talk” directly to the college’s admissions committee and speak for yourself about your life, your goals, passions, values, strengths, talents, and sometimes, about the obstacles you have faced. It is here that the admissions committee evaluates the effectiveness of your writing and gains insight into the real person behind the facts: you. Regardless of the specific questions, all college application essay questions want you to reveal who are you and what makes you unique.

Colleges with Higher Acceptance Rates - Institutions with more generous admissions standards typically require one essay that is fairly general in nature. Examples of some essays one could expect are:

The E.L.P.S Theory and Connectionist Approach – Comparing Two Theories on How Children Can Best Learn Mathematics

The E.L.P.S Theory and Connectionist Approach – Comparing Two Theories on How Children Can Best Learn Mathematics

Overview
There are numerous theories about how children can best learn mathematics. I will compare two of these: the E.L.P.S. theory (1984), and the connectionist approach.

Introduction
Mathematics is widely regarded as an abstract subject (Liebeck, 1984, p.14). To help explain the sequence of abstraction that children need to forgo to truly understand a mathematical concept, Pamela Liebeck (1984, p.16) devised the E.L.P.S theory:

E – Experience with physical objects,
L – spoken Language that describes the experience,
P – pictures that represent the experience,
S – written symbols that generalise the experience.

The connectionist approach, alternately, places its emphasis on pupils making connections from one context of mathematics and, drawing upon that knowledge, applying these to the particular area of maths that they are learning.

Similarities
Experience
Both theories share similarities. Most obviously, both encourage pupils to draw upon their previous experiences when attempting to understand new concepts.

Standardized Test Controversy

Standardized Test Controversy

Self-Motivation and Education

Self-Motivation and Education

Education has been around since long before any of us were even born. It is presented, taught, and learned in many different ways. For some, it is one of the most difficult tools to obtain, but backed with a strong desire to succeed and a lot of self-motivation, the possibilities are endless!
Motivation for knowledge and education comes from our parents, our peers, our teachers and professors. It can also come from the internet, television, books and magazines. We see or hear something that sparks an interest and we want to learn more about it. However, on the flipside there are those of us who don’t have much desire or motivation to learn at all. We simply go through the steps because we are made to. No matter which type of person you may be, the type with the desire to learn or the one without, we all want to learn more about something. Maybe a car that you saw driving down the highway, an actor or actress from your favorite film, or maybe even something a bit more useful like furthering your education. Whatever the case may be we are always learning something, even when we’re not trying to.

Audiolingual Method and Communicative Language Teaching: A Comparison

Audiolingual Method and Communicative Language Teaching: A Comparison

The Use of iPads in College

The Use of iPads in College

Most students entering college understand today's technologies through everyday use. They are often referred to as the Net Generation and digital natives (Gawelete, Spataro, Komarny 28). Colleges are changing to a more mobile way of teaching, and Apples iPad has changed the way we learn. The use of an iPad increases learning in a college environment with making data more accessible, cutting cost of school supplies, and offers a more interactive way of learning.

In August 2010, Oklahoma State University and Arizona State University conducted a pilot program where they replaced printed handouts and readings with the iPad. The students felt that it had a positive impact on learning, and believe it will be a better replacement for printed course materials. Students at Oklahoma State University were able to purchase two digital text books for the price of a single printed text book (“Schools” 60). The iPad could lead to cost savings for the school with less use of paper, and decrease cost for students with the use of e-texts and digital textbooks, and learn in a more interactive way.

Exploiting the Art, Science and Creative Side of Effective Teaching - Group Activity Discussion

Exploiting the Art, Science and Creative Side of Effective Teaching - Group Activity Discussion

Activities that are creative as well as effective are becoming a necessity within the education world. As a group, we are planning an activity that not only exploits the “art” and the “science”, but also the creative side of effective teaching. Because our entire existence now is base on technology, it is evident that it is the most modern venue for teaching. But how do you teach something as rudimentary as reading, or as complex as advanced arithmetic using modern technology to make it fun and challenging to all involved? It is in our highest hopes that our activity will answer all of these questions.

Dropping Out of School: The Influences of Teachers, Families and Friends

Dropping Out of School: The Influences of Teachers, Families and Friends

The choice should be easy: finish high school, go to college, get a great job, and lead a better life than their parents. This should be the easiest decision for a student to make. And yet, for so many, even finishing high school poses too difficult a challenge. These students, even knowing that life has little to offer without a high school education, choose the hard road of struggle and strife when they choose to drop out of school and make their way without that high school diploma. This decision to drop out is many times the result of teachers who offer a detrimental education, families who need their children at home, and peers who offer the wrong kind of support.

Implementation of Inclusive Education in Hong Kong: Effective or Ineffective at This Stage

Implementation of Inclusive Education in Hong Kong: Effective or Ineffective at This Stage

The 1995 White Paper on Rehabilitation Policies and Services is an important milestone for an increasing awareness of equality among persons with disabilities and ordinary people. The White Paper strengthened rights for persons with disabilities to share equal opportunities with ordinary people in the education sector and reinforced the importance of launching inclusive education (Hong Kong Information Services Department, 2011). Since then, there has been a greater concern and demand of inclusive education. According to the Office for Standards Education in the United Kingdom (2000), an inclusive school is defined in this way,:

‘An educationally inclusive school is one in which the teaching and learning
achievements, attitudes and well being of every young person matters.
Effective schools are educationally inclusive schools.’ (reference no.235, p.4)

Do Students in China Spend too Much Time and Energy Attempting to Achieve High Grades?

Do Students in China Spend too Much Time and Energy Attempting to Achieve High Grades?

One of the definitions of education is the imparting of culture from generation to generation. it is true that a Chinese student of our time faces the problem of spending too much time and energy attempting to achieve high grades. The endless testing and the great quantity of homework become the characteristics of China's education. More and more people believe that China should reform its education system so that it allows the future generations to be competitive in the fast-pace(d) world. The system needs to change so that it does not solely focus on standardized tests and routine homework. Instead the system should mainly support EQ testing and hands on learning.

Changing Behaviors by Changing Classroom Management and Classroom Environment

Changing Behaviors by Changing Classroom Management and Classroom Environment

Introduction
The issue of classroom management is one major factor effecting teacher job satisfaction. Classroom teachers consistently rate student discipline problems as a major professional concern. Dealing with disruptive behavior from students is frustrating and sometimes reduces effectiveness in facilitating student achievement

This past school year, I received my first teaching job as a 5th grade teacher. I went through numerous struggles and learning endeavors. I’m sure you all have heard “what happens in the classroom during the early days of the year sets the stage for the entire year. As I was researching I came across a question, what does classroom management mean? The term “classroom management” covers a broad range of teacher behaviors and replaces the term “discipline” to describe teaching techniques to establish a well established classroom environment (Dunbar, 2006).

Paper on What Makes a Good School - Staff, Student and Parents at the Aspiration School Celebrating Their Recent OFSTED Report

Paper on What Makes a Good School - Staff, Student and Parents at the Aspiration School Celebrating Their Recent OFSTED Report

The staff, student and parents at the aspiration school celebrated their recent OFSTED report, with tea and cakes in the school hall on Friday the 25th November. Ofsted reported the school to be a much more effective school than it was 2 years ago. Through a determined and purposeful leadership and management the school is now effectively promoting good behaviour and positive attitudes and relationships. It is beginning to see the benefit of this approach in the standards achieved by students. Improved teaching has led to better attitudes and higher achievement.

The Ofsted report went on to describe what the school was now doing well:
Students’ attitudes to learning are good and standards are improving, assessment data are used well to identify priorities and meet students’ needs. Provision for social and educational inclusion is good.

The Principal’s Role In Building a Community Of Shared Leadership

The Principal’s Role In Building a Community Of Shared Leadership

With each passing year, we find the role of the school leader changing and evolving. No longer is the school principal a “one-man (or woman) show”. The changing needs of today’s school communities are becoming more and more prevalent. Current research shows that, in order to be effective, today’s leader must learn to embrace a team leadership approach. This research paper focuses on the importance and results of developing and maintaining a positive and committed relationship between principals and teachers. School leaders are finding that, “Working together in teams often is a more effective way to accomplish important tasks. … Teams tend to be better at solving problems, have a higher level of commitment and include more people who can help implement an idea or plan.” (Kent Peterson, 1993, p. 1)

The Theory of Experiential Learning

The Theory of Experiential Learning

For a long time, a great number of educators have devoted themselves to improving teaching methods in order to encourage students to learn actively. However, the teacher-centered education system impedes the ability of educators to achieve this goal (Wurdinger & Carlson, 2010). According to Wurdinger et al (2010), students who lack the freedom to express their ideas are bored by listening to teachers all the time. In contrast, students are happy when they are able to actively engage in their learning. The theory of experiential learning emerged in order to address the negative effects of teacher-centered education and passive students learning. Experiential learning theory also aims to help students deal with flexible life situations by equipping them with a range of abilities, rather than concentrating solely on the learning of academic knowledge (McClure, Cook and Thompson, 1977).

This essay will firstly explain Experiential Learning Theory (ELT); it will then provide several applications of ELT; and finally, it will indicate the significant contributions which ELT makes to the teaching and learning process.

Capacitate Young People by Giving Them the Training and Preparation Needed for Job Opportunities

Capacitate Young People by Giving Them the Training and Preparation Needed for Job Opportunities

Types of Differentiated Instruction

Types of Differentiated Instruction

According to Tomlinson & Kalbfleisch (1998) differentiated classrooms are "responsive to students’ varying readiness levels, varying interests, and varying learning profiles” (p. 54). Teachers focus on differentiating instruction to help motivate and interest students in learning. In the article DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION: INCLUSIVE STRATEGIES FOR STANDARDS-BASED LEARNING THAT BENEFIT THE WHOLE CLASS looked at a strategy that was used to help students with special needs and regular students achieve higher.
Types of differentiated instruction

Why So Many Students are Choosing to Study Abroad

Why So Many Students are Choosing to Study Abroad

Recently, more and more Chinese students are choosing to study abroad to experience a totally new educational system instead of their local ones. USA and UK are becoming the most popular options among students. With such a great amount number of students who decide to study overseas, it makes us to evaluate such decisions. What aspects of western education really attract us to pursue it? And what are those potential drawbacks of this option? I am going to discuss the most conspicuous ones in my following essay.

Reflection Paper on Teacher Knowledge

Let us be clear on something: there are, without a doubt a significant amount of bright people in the world; people who perhaps may be considered smarter than a teacher. However, I firmly believe that a person cannot be a teacher simply because he or she is a bright person. Having knowledge of a Subject Matter is important, but knowing the art of imparting that knowledge is imperative, almost indispensable to a teacher.
An essential aspect of the art of imparting knowledge is the teacher’s ability to get to know her students; consequently, she develops a professional relationship with them. This knowledge is important for the development of the teacher-student rapport. The connection between student and teacher is the key to the students’ success. When a teacher knows her students, when she knows their likes, dislikes, what motivates them, what turns them off, etc., a teacher finds a way to extract talent from the students. This is exactly the situation with the Sports PowerPoint Presentation students in my A.P. Spanish Language class were assigned to create.

What are the Benefits of Early Childhood Education on a Child's Development?

What are the Benefits of Early Childhood Education on a Child's Development?

Early childhood education is becoming more important across the country and as we see more of these programmes, researchers are learning more about how early childhood education benefits young children. The private pre-schools and child care centres promise to give children hands up as they begin schooling.
The main benefits of early childhood education are learning, economic, social, creative, emotional and physical.
One of these benefits is that of better learning. Early childhood education provides most of the students a head start. This helps to prepare the students for the primary stage; furthermore the students have a better chance to develop their skills at mathematics and reading. The children who attend pre-school have a better chance of learning than those who never went to pre-school. The students that attend pre-school have the ability to obtain an effective education.
According to a study from the University of the West Indies Institute of Technology, a child who attends an early childhood education program also has increased cognitive skills at the beginning of Kindergarten.

The Impact of Positive Behavior Strategies in Promoting Positive Behavior in Kindergarten Students

The Impact of Positive Behavior Strategies in Promoting Positive Behavior in Kindergarten Students

Introduction

Does Technology Help or Hinder the Learning Process?

Technology today has become vital to some areas of our everyday lives, from communicating with friends and family to helping save lives at our local hospitals. Without question technology has benefited many people’s lives. You can do everything from the comfort of your own home, go to school, shop and, even pay bills. Technology has also helped students in all grade levels achieve great success in their academic lives. Students can take online classes to improve skills needed to succeed in life beyond high school. Even though technology can be beneficial to the learning process, teenagers today have become dependent upon it which in reality can hinder the learning process

Learning a Second Language at an Early Age

Learning a Second Language at an Early Age

The knowledge acquisition of a foreign language is a prerequisite nowadays in the modern society, therefore, it is suitable to present the language to a child at an age that he/she is more susceptible to acquire new knowledge naturally. Being bilingual has numerous positive factors for an individual. Researches show that children who learn two languages develop skills to construct positive influences on their educational process.

After the age of three, the child’s perception enlarge, so, he/she is ready to learn more and get many stimulus, among them, learning a second language. Researchers in neurology say that the childhood is the perfect period for a second language acquisition. Every child between the age of zero and twelve who is being exposed to real situation where there is human interaction, will acquire more naturally everything in this environment, especially the language, which is the more developed skill during this period.

Critical Thinking Essay on Success in College

Critical Thinking Essay on Success in College

I think the purpose of this assignment is to get myself to look at things, not only at my success in college but in all I do in life, from a different prospective. For the time I was born I was taught all sorts of things. Am I just repeating what I was taught or am I learning new ways to view this information. If I don’t question what I am taught or told I will never be able to reason out different variables that might come in to play.

We are all unique individuals with different goals, feelings, behaviors and we all view things differently at times. This assignment has given me the opportunity to explore and question what I am doing now and what I should or shouldn’t do in order to be successful in college. Can I now look at what I have learned and take it one step further and not only explain why I do the things I do but also question or resolve problems by looking at them from all angles instead of maybe only one. If I analyze and assess anything I do in life I will get a better look at the whole picture.

California Teaching Performance Assessment

California Teaching Performance Assessment

As of 1998 California required for all teacher candidates attending a teacher preparation program in California to pass a Teaching Performance Assessment also known as a TPA. The assessment gives future teachers an opportunity to develop, refine, and demonstrate their teaching knowledge, skills and abilities (CalTPA handbook, 2009). The assessment is aligned with the state content standards and with the state frameworks. The assessment consists of four performance tasks, subject-specific pedagogy, designing instruction, assessing learning, and culminating teaching experience. All four tasks will allow a person to demonstrate knowledge in implementing assessment activities and appropriate subject-specific instruction. The four performance task are then measured and scored by trained assessors with rubrics that describe the levels of performance relative to each task/activity.

The Implementation Process for California Teacher Candidates

North Carolina Project WILD Activities and Reflection

North Carolina Project WILD Activities and Reflection

I had no idea what was in store for me when I enrolled for the Project WILD workshop. I soon found out that it was a fun, productive way to spend two evenings! I had no idea what to expect before attending the Project WILD workshop, but I had so much fun. I would highly recommend this program to anyone interested in learning more about nature and wildlife. Project WILD is especially geared towards K-12 educators. The instructors presented us with so many enjoyable, educational, hands-on activities to use with students inside or outside of the classroom.

Literacy Case Study - Reading Ability Group

Mini Case Study

Clinical Observation Log
Noah is a 6 ½ year-old boy in Barbara Parker’s 1st grade class. According to Ms. Parker, Noah performs in the “middle” reading ability group. She indicated that Noah would probably be a good candidate for this case study.Over the course of eight two-hour visits (between September 23rd and October 28th), I was able to observe Noah in a Literacy class setting. Since Noah seemed unaware that I was paying special attention to him during my visits, I was able to inconspicuously observe him in his natural environment.

Disposition
During the whole group Literacy instruction time (i.e. as students sat on the carpet, and Ms. Parker taught Literacy to all of them simultaneously), Noah often looked tired, bored, and/or distracted. When he yawned and wiggled in his seat sometimes, it seemed like he was having a difficult time focusing on the lesson.

Using the North Carolina Standard Course of Study - Ten Themes of Social Studies Standards

Using the North Carolina Standard Course of Study for the grade level that you currently teach or are most interested in teaching, discuss how it relates to the ten themes of Social Studies standards. What themes are represented in the NCSCOS that you teach or plan to teach? Briefly, discuss some units of study that incorporate the themes for that grade level.

10 Themes of Social Studies Standards:
Culture
Time, Continuity, & Change
People, Places, & Environment
Individual Development & Identity
Individuals, Groups, & Institutions
Power, Authority, & Governance
Production, Distribution, & Consumption
Science, Technology, & Society
Global Connections
Civic Ideals & Practices

The North Carolina Social Studies curriculum for 1st graders relates to “Neighborhoods and Communities around the World.” All seven of the first grade competency goals incorporate many of the themes of Social Studies standards outlined by the National Council for the Social Studies.
The following are the NCSCOS goals for 1st grade, with some examples of units of study that may be used to help meet each goal:

Making Words - An Innovative Word Building Activity Introduced by Pat and Jim Cunningham

Making Words (Includes examples and tips)

The Strategy

“Making Words” is an innovative word-building activity introduced by Pat and Jim Cunningham. The objective is for children to create various words from a given set of letters, which make up the “secret” word. After making 15-20 words, the teacher and children sort the words based on patterns and rhymes. This phonics strategy is a multilevel, hands-on approach to teaching phonics and spelling.

Adhering to the basic principles of the constructivist paradigm, “Making Words” allows students to “do the work of the learning.” Throughout the lesson, students use concrete manipulatives in order to learn about and create various words. Each student is given his/her own miniature pocket chart, as well as cards with individual letters written on them. This allows students to physically hold and actively manipulate letters in their pocket charts. The consonants and vowels are written on different colored cards, which is primarily to emphasize the distinction.

Literature Summary on the Children's Magazine Zoobooks

Literature Summary on the Children's Magazine Zoobooks

Zoobooks is a children’s magazine which focuses on many interesting animals, such as birds, insects, reptiles, and mammals. This magazine clearly fits into the category of life sciences, since the subject deals with animals and wildlife. Each month, Zoobooks spotlights one particular animal, and the entire issue is solely devoted to that animal. For instance, the topic of the November 2003 issue is zebras. All seventeen pages of the November 2003 magazine are filled with fascinating information about zebras. Aspects which are discussed include the animals’ habitat, anatomy, survival skills, social interactions, speed, and strength. Every page has colorful, vivid photographs, diagrams and drawings, which help to illustrate the various characteristics of zebras.

Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers - Charlotte and the Carolina Piedmont in the New South

Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers - Charlotte and the Carolina Piedmont in the New South

Since I am not a native North Carolinian, I found the “Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers” exhibition to be so enlightening. Before visiting the Levine Museum of the New South, I was not very knowledgeable about Charlotte’s post-Civil War history. My desire is to teach 1st grade someday. The museum tour guide mentioned that the “Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers” exhibition was created for an 8th grade level, although 1st graders could still greatly benefit from visiting the museum. I agree that some of the content is too mature and complex for younger grade levels. However, because of the hands-on nature of the exhibit, I feel it would still be a valuable experience to take a 1st grade class to the Levine Museum.

Childhood Stress - Teaching and Integrating Science

Childhood Stress - Teaching and Integrating Science

Stress can be defined as “the body’s physical, chemical, and emotional reaction to an overwhelming, confusing, or exciting situation” (Latona, 2005, 1). All children are susceptible to various types of stress. Simply “being a child can be intrinsically stressful” (Lewis & Lewis, 1996, 66). Rutherford (2002) states that even very young children worry and feel stress to some degree. Stress can lead to many physical, emotional, behavioral, social, and academic repercussions in a child’s life. This topic of childhood stress clearly fits into the category of Life Science, since stress relates to humans.

Differentiated Literacy Instruction for Gifted Readers - Assessing, Modifying, and Integrating Literacy Instruction

Differentiated Literacy Instruction for Gifted Readers - Assessing, Modifying, and Integrating Literacy Instruction

Identifying Characteristics of Gifted Readers

The first step to effectively differentiate instruction for young, gifted readers is to properly identify these students. Early identification and intervention are essential to the growth and development of high ability readers. To identify gifted readers, teachers should obtain qualitative data, through careful observations, rather than to rely solely on standardized tests. The process of determining the reading talents of students is a long-term process, in which parents, teachers, and the students themselves work together to develop their talents (Feldhusen, 2001). Vosslamber (2002) emphasizes that identification is a vital aspect of serving the gifted child, but not an end in itself. “The main purpose of identification is not so we can label children, but so we can effectively match children to appropriate learning tasks—both in the pace of learning and the level at which tasks are set” (Vosslamber, 2002, 17).

Social Studies Communities - Teaching Students the Different Types of Interdependent Communities

Social Studies Communities - Teaching Students the Different Types of Interdependent Communities

What is the enduring understanding of this lesson?
The world is made up of many different types of interdependent communities.

What will the students understand as a result of this lesson?
Students will understand what a community is.
They will understand what interdependence means in terms of communities.
Students will understand that communities can vary in size. Communities can range from very small (such as a classroom) to very large (such as an entire country, or multiple countries).

What section questions will this lesson focus on?
What is a community?
What are some examples of different types of communities?
What are some characteristics of communities?
What does the term “interdependent” mean?
How are communities interdependent?
In what ways could a person help other members of his/her community?
Why is it important for members of a community to depend on each other?

What evidence will show that the students understand that the world is made up of many different types of interdependent communities?

Community Service Projects:

Clinical Journal - Numerous Literacy Observations in Elementary Schools

Clinical Journal - Literacy Observations

Ms. Parker / 1st Grade / Olde Providence Elementary / 8 + hours

In celebration of the 100th day of school, Ms. Parker wore a self-decorated sweatshirt, which she called the “Walking Word Wall.” She used colored paints to write 100 different words all over her shirt. Students enjoyed reading many high-frequency words, familiar words from her shirt.
Writer’s Workshop

Ms. Parker gave the class a writing assignment related to the 100th day of school. She asked the students to write about what they would do if they were given $100, and why they would choose to use the money that way. The teacher reviewed the “Writer’s Workshop Checklist” with the students before they began writing. The students were meant to keep the following elements in mind as they wrote:
Writer’s Workshop Checklist
C - Capital Letters
O - Overall Appearance
P - Punctuation (?, !, . , ‘ )
S - Sequence (Beginning, Middle, End)

Teaching and Integrating Social Studies - Do Young Learners Broaden their Understanding of Social Studies Concepts Better Through Picture Books or Through Hands-On Activities?

Action Research

Teaching and Integrating Social Studies

Problem Identification:
Do young learners broaden their understanding of Social Studies concepts better through picture books or through hands-on activities? Based on an analysis of the data, what method(s) best enhance Social Studies instruction so that students gain more knowledge and comprehension from a lesson?

Grade level: Kindergarten
General Topics or Themes: St. Patrick’s Day

North Carolina Standard Course of Study:
COMPETENCY GOAL 4: The learner will explain celebrated holidays and special days in communities.
Objectives
4.01 Explore how families express their cultures through celebrations, rituals, and traditions.
4.02 Identify religious and secular symbols associated with famous people, holidays, and specials days of diverse cultures.
4.03 State reasons for observing special, religious, and secular holidays of diverse cultures.

School/Class Background:
Endhaven Elementary School – Suburban area in CMS.
Kindergarten class demographics:
Gender: 23 students: 12 boys and 11 girls.
Age: All students are either 5 or 6 years old.

Paper on Special Education and NCLB

Special Education and NCLB

Chapter 1

Introduction

Paper on Masonic Education

Paper on Masonic Education

Some months ago I became conscious of the urge to give expression to certain thoughts which were passing through my mind on the subject of Masonic Education and the opportunity came my way to express these thoughts in more concrete form when I was invited to give a Paper on this subject at the Inaugural Meeting of the Bromley and District Masonic Study Circle and also at the Annual Meeting of the Federation of Schools Lodges. The reception which this Paper received at these meetings was so gratifying that I was persuaded to give similar Papers before the East Surrey Masters Lodge, the South West Surrey Masters Lodge and the Masonic Study Society.

Year Round Education: Examining the Argument for Nationwide Implementation

Year-Round Education: Examining the Argument for Nationwide Implementation

Academic Performance

Academic performance is an important measure of the validity of any school model simply because it is considered by many to be a primary function of schools. Thus it is a highly important factor to consider when comparing year-round schools to traditional schools. We surveyed the websites of proponents of the year-round school calendar, such as the National Association for Year-Round Schools (NAYRE), and these groups generally point out three ways they see year-round schools having an academic advantage over traditional schools. They argue that year-round schools will increase academic performance by reducing crowding, reducing summer learning loss, and providing more support for low socio-economic status (SES) students.

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