Business

Conflict Assessment Report Between The Boeing Company and The International Association of Machinist and Aerospace Workers (IAM): Negotiation and Conflict Management

Conflict Assessment Report Between The Boeing Company and The International Association of Machinist and Aerospace Workers (IAM): Negotiation and Conflict Management

Abstract
This paper is an assessment of a conflict that took place between The Boeing Company and one of its unions, The International Association of Machinist and Aerospace Workers in 2008.

Conflict Assessment Report
Profile
The Boeing Company is the world's top aerospace company and the biggest manufacturer of commercial jetliners and military aircraft. The company designs and manufactures rotorcraft, electronic and defense systems, missiles, satellites, launching vehicles and advancing information and communication systems, and providing military and commercial airline support services (Boeing, 2010). Boeing has been a leader in the aerospace industry for over 100 years (Boeing, 2010). The business manufactures products such as the 737, 747, and 777 airplanes that are used in commercial airline travel. Boeing is a major service provider to commercial airlines, NASA, operates the Space Shuttle and International Space Station, and the United States government and its defense agencies.

Ricardo Semler's Novel Maverick - Referring to Changes that Occured to SEMCO

Maverick’s story refers to a series of changes occurred to SEMCO, a Brazilian manufacturing company, initiated by the founder’s entrepreneur son, Ricardo Semler, turning it into one of the worlds most unusual and admired workplaces. SEMCO, whose headquarters is located in São Paulo, started in 1952 by Ricardo’s father, Antonio Semler, with a small patent for a centrifuge that could separate lubricating oil from vegetables, later growing under the entrepreneur’s hands into one of that countries most successful companies.

Ricardo Semler’s concise and efficient form of writing lay way to a textbook that reads like a novel and yet manages to render the vision under which his company should be run, a company who has proven itself a definitive success in business and economics. Certainly Maverick is a book for more opened-mined readers, an unquestioningly beneficial and stimulating novel, and a necessary narrative.

Corporate Governace

Corporate Governace

1. The Concept of Corporate Governance
Corporate governance is the system by which companies are directed and controlled. The term refers to the processes of supervision and control intended to ensure that the company’s management acts in accordance with the interest of the shareholders. Corporate governance strives to provide a balance between the freedom of management to make commercial decisions and control over management. Essentially, it deals with the relationship between the two controlling organs of the company; that is, ownership personified by shareholders and management personified by directors.

Electronic Human Resource (e-HR)

Electronic Human Resource (e-HR)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
Literature Review
Discussion and Analysis
Conclusion
References

Abstract

Modification and Invention Paper

Modification and Invention Paper
The document will concentrate on controlling modification at the office depending on a situation which was provided. The situation is depending on a main medical care company which has made a decision to modify as well as to utilize electronic medical files. The organization's workers are in opposition to modification, particularly modifications which have to use technology. The document will incorporate methods to control invention as well as modification. It will also incorporate why workers are in opposition to organizational modification. The final subject which will be dealt with is the parts human resources perform in controlling modification.

Strategies

E-Business Strategies and Solutions - Distribution Systems Computer Reservation Systems and Global Distribution Systems

E-Business Strategies and Solutions - Distribution Systems Computer Reservation Systems and Global Distribution Systems

Abstract
Global Distribution System is a new kind of e-commerce network which developed fast in recent 10 years. It represents the combined system that including international technology and internet service, and aims to providing the distribution service to agents of airlines and tourism products. It is the mature system of Central Reserving System which has been playing important role in the tourist operation. The rapid development of the internet and e-commerce not only brings challenge to the GDS of tourism but also expose some problems of GDS. In this paper, we will briefly talk about the development history of GDS and relative systems, and then give a SWOT analysis of GDS in deeply to see how it goes in the future.

Key words: GDS, tourism, SWOT, future

Table of Contents
Introduction
Four main systems of GDS
History
Airline Reservation System
Computer Reservation System6
Global Distribution System
Main functions of GDS
SWOT Analysis
Strength
Weakness
Opportunity
Threat
Future of GDS
Reference

Introduction

Organisational Behaviour - Reflect on Change using Lewin’s Model

Organisational Behaviour - Reflect on Change using Lewin’s Model

Introduction
In my last role I was part of a new system implementation called Project Server. This paper reflects on the organisational change Project Server had and analyses the change against Lewin’s Force Field Analysis model. I will then review the impact and success of Project Server and what other conclusions I can draw for future change projects.

Change Situation – Project Server

Thought Paper: A Comment on F.W. Scharpf's Strategic Options for the Sustainability of European Welfare States

Thought Paper: A Comment on F.W. Scharpf's Strategic Options for the Sustainability of European Welfare States

In this article F.W. Scharpf calls for exploring “whether and how it is still possible to pursue the aspirations of the welfare state “ in the current international economic setting and suggests five “strategic options” still available at the national level. As will be seen, these proposals seek to accommodate the welfare state to the functioning of the market. Since each proposal is spelt out very briefly professor Scharpf does not address the potential problems associated with each one. The purpose of the following pages is to comment on each proposal’s viability and limitations. Even if a critical tone is maintained throughout the paper, one must praise the effort of advancing policy alternatives, which is not an easy task.

Surviving to Succeed in the Sky

Surviving to Succeed in the Sky

Since the first plane flight in 1903, air travel has become an essential part of life for more and more people. As a result globalization, there are now about 1.6 billion passengers every year. For them, it is important to be able to enjoy the comfort of cabin, “their temporary home for the duration of the flight” (Hedge). Aircraft manufacturers such as Boeing and Airbus have long noticed the significance of personal comfort during air traveling and have been trying to accommodate this growing demand. Nevertheless, complaints remain as common as before and a long-haul flight in economy class is still said to be “like an endurance contest” (Gilden). The problem is that although many designs have been made to improve the harsh situation, they are often not adopted by airlines because new aircraft and equipment are mostly far from being affordable. To more or less fill the gap between cost and comfort, I will in what following discuss a few cheaper and simpler designs aimed to improve the economy class cabin on long distance flight.

Types of Bank Accounts

Types of Bank Accounts

There are many questions related to the economy when one is barely starting to live life. How does one file taxes, where do you pay bills, etc? There are also many questions related to banks. Banks are made to put ones money into it to keep it safe or to save it and earn interest. There are many accounts that one could put it in, such as savings or checking. There are many that may wonder when they get married, do they keep their money separate or do they join it together? Well, there are simple answers for that.

Performance Measurement Paper

Performance Measurement Paper

Performance measurement is a tool or technique used to have structure and control in a project. Performance measurements are performance indicators about a type of project and how objectives and levels are measured. There are also several components involved in projects changes, people responsible, and the time scopes assigned. There are several performance measures for different categories of a project. Financial performance, quality of product/service performance, operation performance, research and development performance, and time management performance are just some of the types of measurable areas. This paper will discuss, compare, and contrast three performance measurements and the importance of performance measurements within a project.

The Impact of Customers Satisfaction on Share-of-Wallet in a Business-to-Business Environment

The Impact of Customers Satisfaction on Share-of-Wallet in a Business-to-Business Environment

The paper of Timothy L. Keiningham and Tiffany Perkins-Munn describes the problems concerning the lack of research when it comes to the relation between customer satisfaction and share-of-wallet. The defined problems include inability to collect the share-of-wallet data and the lack of definitions and metrics regarding share-of-wallet.

The authors describe the importance of making such measurements and what kind of forces which have an impact on customer satisfaction. According to the authors, there is a clear correlation between customer satisfaction (and therefore also customer behavior) and business result. Forces which affect customer satisfaction are for example purchase intention, customer retention, financial performance and word of mouth.
The definition of share-of-wallet is, according to the authors, the “the percentage of the volume of total business conducted with the firm by a client organization within a period”, i.e. it should help managers to understand the amount of business a company gets from a specific customer.

Paper Discussing Companies Introducing New Forms of Work Organization

Paper Discussing Companies Introducing New Forms of Work Organization

Introduction
More than ever before, companies are introducing new forms of work organization, often involving major changes in the nature of people’s jobs. One of these changes is using more work groups within organizations (e.g., Guzzo & Shea, 1992; Magjuka & Baldwin, 1991; Majchrzak, 1988). The difficulty with groups is that sometimes they lead to negative outcomes, such as low productivity (Whyte, 1955), poor decisions (Janis, 1972), and conflict (Alderfer, 1977). However, groups can also hold the potential for simultaneously increasing both productivity and employee satisfaction. (e.g., Goodman, Devadas, & Hughson, 1988; Katzell & Guzzo, 1983). The present role of work groups in organizations with their potential risks and opportunities leads to more interest in understanding the characteristics of effective work groups. In the literature work design is investigated in many different ways. Morgeson & Humphrey (2006) divide work design into task characteristics, knowledge characteristics and social characteristics.

The Growing Integration of World Markets - Generating Both Opportunities and Challenges to International Firms

The Growing Integration of World Markets - Generating Both Opportunities and Challenges to International Firms

In the increasingly globalized economy, the growing integration of world markets generated both opportunities and challenges to the international firms. Facing the world wide range competition, multinational firms have to seek for strategic resources in order to enhance global competitiveness. As a result of this, offshore outsourcing is increasing its importance of firms and industries. On one side companies acquire more profits, decrease costs and mitigate risk by outsourcing, furthermore, outsourcing bring fairly large amount of employment opportunities to the contractor country. On the other hand, to some extent, subcontracting also causes some social responsibility problems such like workers endure the bad working condition. Even though some people hold the opinion that society should focus on human rights more than the economic profit, we can not deny that, establishing an international network of subcontracting is a win-win strategy. International companies’ outsourcing is a good model to follow; it facilitates the development both of contractual parties.

China's Status in the Context of WTO Law

China's status in the context of WTO law

anti-dumping

1.1the concept and characteristics of dumping in WTO law
If a company exports a product at a price lower than the price it normally charges on its own home market, it is said to be “dumping” the product .
Dumping was defined in Art.Ⅵ.1 GATT 1947:

The contracting parties recognize that dumping, by which products of one country are introduced into the commerce of another country at less than the normal value of the products, is to be condemned if it causes or threaten material injury to an established industry in the territory of a contracting party or materially retards the establishment of a domestic industry.

Three requirements in this provision: less than the normal value, injury, and relationship between dumping and injury.
Characteristics of dumping are as following:

Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employee Relations

Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employee Relations

Aim
The aim/objectives of this assignment are to explore employee relations in detail, including the psychological contract, differences between fair and unfair dismissals, redundancy, and the direct link to my organisation. Pershing is a medium sized financial services company, who has seen strong growth over the last two years during the economic downturn.

1.0 Internal and external factors that impact on the employment relationship

1.1 When an employee starts a new company, there are many external and internal factors that impact on the employment relationship. One external factor is the state of the economy, in recent years the economy has experienced a recession. This has impacted businesses in many ways; one example is the case of redundancies, less capital means companies can no longer afford to keep all staff.

What Does it Take to be a Successful Manager?

What Does it Take to be a Successful Manager?

It's Black Friday, one of the busiest days for most businesses. There are people everywhere in the store. The lines are long and people are either gleaming with Christmas joy or impatiently waiting to hurry up and check out to move on to the next store. All these customers don't even stop to realize how much preparation and cleaning up is involved in this one day. There is shipment to be processed, advertisements to be made, signage to go up, and even scheduling of the right people. So many things have to be done for this big day and it is up to one person or sometimes a team of people, these people are called managers. All managers must have various traits to be successful, but the most important three are; leadership skills, problem solving skills, and honesty.

Brand Management after Merger and Acquisition of Second-Line National Brands

Brand Management after Merger and Acquisition of Second-Line National Brands

Abstract: In recent years, more and more national brands join the team of mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Among those brands, there are first-line national brands like Lenovo, and there are second-line national brands such as Foshan Lighting and Panda. It is especially easier for those second-line national brands, which have certain brand awareness and reputation in domestic market yet not strong enough to take a stable market share, to be kicked out of the market after M&A. This research analyzes the characteristics of second-line national brands, studies the reasons and problems of M&A of second-line national brands, and then tries to suggest strategies to manage the brand portfolio after M&A in the perspective of the acquiring parties.

CONTENTS
ABSTRACT:

1. INTRODUCTION
2. CHARACTERISTICS OF SECOND-LINE NATIONAL BRANDS
2.1 DEFINITION OF SECOND-LINE NATIONAL BRANDS
2.1.1 National Brand
2.1.2 Second-line Brand
2.1.3 Second-line national brand
2.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF SECOND-LINE NATIONAL BRANDS
2.2.1 Characteristics of first-line national brands

Abraham Maslow's Theory of Motivation as a Hot Topic as a Tool in Organization

Motivation has been a hot topic for debate since the 1930’s, even though it was not considered a respectable pursuit until much later (Locke and Latham 2002). In the past it was believed that employees would simply motivate themselves, however Locke and Latham have now proved that when people are asked to do their best it is not always the case that they do so (2002). Managers and supervisors now take the reins of motivation. However, even if you’re employer gives you everything you want, you may still be demotivated – satisfied perhaps, but not motivated. Motivation is now a very powerful tool in an organisation, and if a manager can effectively motivate staff he should not only increase productivity, but also decrease staff turnover and sick days thus making any company more profitable. Theorists gave rise to two different types of motivation theories. Content theories like Maslow’s needs hierarchy, that focuses on what motivates individuals; and process theories like the expectancy theory, where the emphasis is on the actual process of motivation.

Essay on Events That Occured When Hokuetsu Paper had to defend itself from a Hostile Takeover Bid by Oji Paper

Essay on Events That Occured When Hokuetsu Paper had to defend itself from a Hostile Takeover Bid by Oji Paper

What were some of the strengths Hokuetsu Paper demonstrated in this effort? Why did they work?
A key strength demonstrated by Hokuetsu Paper, in defending itself from a hostile takeover bid by Oji Paper, was its ability to formulate and implement a strategic communication plan in a timely manner that included all of its shareholders and stakeholders. Hokuetsu Paper was able to gain the support of the local and business communities by demonstrating the value of keeping Hokuetsu Paper independent. The communication plan was successful because it was concise, culturally conscious and integrated with the legal and financial aspects of the defense. The Niigata community as well as Japanese culture value harmony, relationships, and collectivism. By hiring the communication advisory firm, Media Gain, Hokuetsu Paper was able to ensure their messages were effectively distributed and interpreted; which proved to be invaluable in their efforts.

What were some of the drawbacks deployed by both companies? What could have been done differently?

Essays on Career Goal Post MBA and How the IMD MBA Will Help Achieve This Goal and Will Approach Your Job Search

Essays on Career Goal Post MBA and How the IMD MBA Will Help Achieve This Goal and Will Approach Your Job Search

Essay A: Short career goal post MBA 2000 characters. Position sought after graduation. Please give us your short term career goal post MBA (up to 5 years). Describe how the IMD MBA will help you achieve this goal and how you will approach your job search.

In 5 years time post MBA I am planning to work in charge of a position as General Manager in an international company in Europe, Asia or America. Throughout the current phase of my professional life I have tried to gain international work experiences and to develop my linguistic knowledge. A new stage of my professional development will be produced thanks to the achievement of a MBA program. This will contribute to expand my personal and professional leadership skills, in order to position myself as one of the future new international leaders. I want to contribute to the world from a top position in important companies, achieving my task with responsibility and vision, taking difficult decisions and motivating people in order to help them to give the best they can give.

Taking a Look at the Background, Strategic Analysis, External and Internal Environment, Problem Statement, Alternative Solutions and Recommendations of Wal-Mart

Taking a Look at the Background, Strategic Analysis, External and Internal Environment, Problem Statement, Alternative Solutions and Recommendations of Wal-Mart

INTRODUCTION
Wal-Mart Company is one of the most successful companies in the world. The founder, Sam Walton, opened his first Wal-Mart discount store in 1962. Today, there are 670 stores offering a pleasant and convenient shopping experience across the United States. The size of an average store is 108,000 square feet. Each store employs about 225 associates. (Kirklin, 2006)
In the current environment of business, having a reliable and sound strategy is an indispensable requirement. However, in order to achieve this, an in-depth strategic analysis is necessary to establish the actual controversies and possible potentials of the held by the organization. This is the intention of this paper, to provide a strategic analysis on a particular player in the market. (Zook, 2006)

Truth in Advertising – Gone, But Not Forgotten

Truth in Advertising – Gone, But Not Forgotten

Human Resource for Wells Fargo Bank

Human Resource for Wells Fargo Bank

Human Resource for Wells Fargo Bank
When analyzing Wells Fargo Bank as an organization, I found that it is one of the world’s largest employers and America’s 12th-largest private employer (Wells Fargo, 2011). In addition, Wells Fargo stock market value exceeds $130 billion (Wells Fargo, 2011). With Wells Fargo’s merger with Wachovia coming to its final stages, we will cover some the issues Wells Fargo’s human resources will be facing and the strategic plans that will need to be implemented to ensure success in a highly competitive environment.

To What Extent Can Luxury Brands Benefit from Relocating to China Where Ignoring Copyright is the Norm?

To What Extent Can Luxury Brands Benefit from Relocating to China Where Ignoring Copyright is the Norm?

Developing Luxury Fashion Clothing Products in India and China - A Business Development Professional Dissertation

Developing luxury fashion clothing products in India and China - Business Development Professional Dissertation

Short summary of contents

This essay aims at comparing the luxury clothing market in the two fastest growing countries that are India and China. I’m dressing the panorama (market characteristics, consumer behavior and segmentations, challenges and opportunities...) of both markets and then I try to find similarities and differences. Case studies and real life examples illustrate my conclusions along the essay. In addition, I also devote a part on the current issued of the luxury clothing segment in India and China. Eventually, I provide some recommendations and useful key points for brands willing to operate in India or China.

From which company (ies) did you get your information?
I have not completed this project in interaction with any specific company. I have based my researches on secondary data. The company which has helped me the most in the redaction of this report has been KPMG. Indeed, I have used their annual reports on the evolution of the luxury market in Asia and specifically China.

“Luxury is a necessity that begins where necessity ends”

Dissertation Examining Performance Evaluation Metrics Relating to Revenue Management: A Case Study of a North-American Hydroelectricity Organization

Examining Performance Evaluation Metrics Relating to Revenue Management: A Case Study of a North-American Hydroelectricity Organization

Performance evaluation metrics are an important part of the performance management system for organizations. In that context, this study aimed at examining performance evaluation metrics relating to revenue management accounting in the context of the North-American hydroelectricity market. The study is presenting the performance evaluation metrics in the performance management system’s context as it is important to look at the metrics in their context rather than in isolation.

A review of literature on the subjects of performance management and revenue management in the context of hydroelectric companies reveal that there is limited linkage between the two subjects. However, it has clearly demonstrated that a proper choice of performance metrics drives performance and that it is important to measure the organization’s goals in order to increase the probability of these goals being achieved.

Intercultural Negotiation

Intercultural Negotiation

In “Anne Burn’s Personal Jihad,” Charles A. Rarick presents us a story of an American expatriate working in Jordan. The issues presented, how Anne Burn handles those issues, and the alternate strategies she could have used are relatively mundane, at least superficially. The significance, however, lies in how this particular case study serves as a segue to a conversation about cross-cultural communication in the larger context. In utilizing both Rarick’s case study and the factors and phases of international negotiation highlighted by Lewicki, Barry, and Saunders (2007) we will attempt to breakdown how Americans deal with business people from other nations as well as offer suggestions as to how they should conduct such business. Let us first begin by breaking down “Anne Burn’s Personal Jihad.”

What are the major issues in this case?

Consultant Scenario Paper

Consultant Scenario Paper

The following is a detailed breakdown of the topic and ideas from five core courses of Human Service Management and Criminal Justice Administration that facilitated Team B’s studies, development, and preparation of our final presentation and weekly assignments. The need to work and communicate well with other team members is an essential skill for developing and preparing presentations as well as for written reports. Environ consultants make every effort to unite with others to create provisions under which people with environmental needs will experience opportunities to develop and exercise skills; encouragement to make choices in the search of personal growth, presence, and participation. Other attempts of the firm are respect and dignity through opportunities for self-encouragement that allow each client to express his or her needs, and decrease the negative stress surrounding life changes.

Example Consulting Firm Letter

Example Consulting Firm Letter

Dear Mr. Nyenhuis,

In my opinion, no matter which industry the consultant focuses on, he or she has one thing in common: this person must be an exceptional problem solver. I believe that to be a successful consultant, intellectual curiosity and a passion for making real changes and benefits to community and environment are required to discover each new challenge and develop a proper solution to each problem.

Great teamwork has a positive effect when working as a consultant as well. Since a consultant group usually has professionals coming from different backgrounds, it can come to better answers. So consultants do not compete against each other in a team, instead, they share a structured problem-solving approach, where all opinions and options are considered, researched, and analyzed carefully before recommendations are made. Being supportive and dedicated to mentoring and coaching others and clients is a very important characteristic for a successful consultant.

How Technology is Replacing Human Interaction - How It Affects Customer Service

How Technology is Replacing Human Interaction - How It Affects Customer Service

In today’s society where technology seems to be replacing human interaction as many companies have replaced the option of speaking to a representative with websites or automated menu systems that can quickly provide information with the touch of a few buttons. What happens when one doesn’t want to use these technologies or when the information provided doesn’t meet their needs? These individual rely on representatives of the company to answer their questions or to resolve their complaints. This is why the art of customer service is all but dead.

Privatization: A New Approach to Private Ownership

Privatization: A New Approach to Private Ownership

Introduction:

The privatization process started in Morocco with the Royal Speech of April 8th 1988. (Privatization) Conducted by King Hassan II, father of current King Mohamed VI, this speech provided a political signal and wake up call that marked the beginning of a new approach to modern day entrepreneurship. This privatization plan included a list of about 114 entities earmarked for divestiture, however the privatization plan wasn’t approved until 1990. (Kaufmann,2007,p.25) It defined the social and economic objectives of privatization and stimulated the emergence of alternative methods of investments.

Revealing Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions and Chinese Culture

Revealing Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions and Chinese Culture

I. Introduction

The Ideological Fantasies of Market Discourse

The Ideological Fantasies of Market Discourse

“DON’T THINK OF THEM AS TERRORIST STATES. THINK OF THEM AS TERRORIST MARKETS”

Introduction
“Don’t think of them as terrorist states. Think of them as terrorist markets,” a cartoon stated recently in the New Yorker (May 12, 2003). It depicts a board room of some sort with people sitting around a table conducting a meeting chaired by the person at the head of the table. Through the window, outside of the board room one sees the dome of Congress, flying a flag. I find this cartoon funny and certainly fascinating, even if I am not sure whether I fully understand it. I take the sheer fact that this cartoon has appeared, that it is possible to express what it says and have it published, to be indicative of the condition of contemporary discourse. The fact that this cartoon and the joke it conveys can come into being, sheds light on the make-up or constitution of contemporary discourse, and in particular existing discourse about the market. That discourse namely forms the condition of possibility for producing this cartoon. This cartoon thus offers a singular view at the state of market discourse.

Globalization: A Battle Over the Market Metaphor

Globalization: A Battle Over the Market Metaphor

Globalization debates can have a mind-boggling logic. They are often highly polarized, irrespective of whether they take place between like minded spirits or whether they consist of a dispute between two opposing camps. Recently, in a debate of the latter kind, Naomi Klein, author of No Logo and critic of globalization processes crossed swords with Sameena Ahmat, business correspondent for the Economist belonging to the camp of ‘globalists’. Although these antagonistic debates can be highly volatile and often contain interesting exchanges of arguments, they are to a large extent very predictable too. Speakers end up in a discursive form of trench warfare, leaving moderators with the uneasy task of transforming the stalemate of often glorious monologues into a dialogue. If the topic at hand is that of globalization, than it is a sure bet that the battle will be fought over ‘the market.’ The market takes center stage and at the same time unites and divides the contestants.

Dealing With the Market: The Market in the Discourse of Policy Think Tanks in the Netherlands

Dealing With the Market: The Market in the Discourse of Policy Think Tanks in the Netherlands

Introduction
… a change had occurred. Suddenly, the public debate was dominated by the market and the benefits of the market mechanism. […] The political tide has turned and the search was for “a new mix between the government and market as coordination mechanisms (Bovenberg 1999: 6). Put differently: a reorganization took place of public and private responsibilities. Abroad, this turnaround was sometimes accompanied by a great uproar (Thatcher, Reagan). In the Netherlands however, there hardly appeared to be a debate (Ter Bogt 1995). This did not mean nothing happened. Quietly, dramatic changes have been brought about in a variety of areas. (WRR Het Borgen van Publiek Belang 1999, 17)

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fixed Exchange Rate in the Baltic States

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fixed Exchange Rate in the Baltic States

Fixed exchange rate is exchange rate regime of country under which central bank or government fixes the exchange rate to another country’s currency or the price of commodity, for example gold. The main objectives of fixed exchange rate are to keep currency value of country within narrow bands and maintain low inflation level. Based on theory country should choose the mechanism of currency based on several criteria such as size of national economy, trading partners, openness of its economy, inflation level, flexibility of inside prices, development level of the country, etc…
In the last two decades all Baltic countries have been maintaining fixed exchange rate regime. At the moment Baltic countries have fixed their national currencies to the euro. Supposedly, fixed exchange rate in Baltic countries is more suited than a floating one, because of small markets and sizes of their economies. In this paper we would like to discuss fixed exchange rate advantages and disadvantages in Baltic countries.

Strategic Management in the Information Age

Strategic Management in the Information Age

Strategy Implementation

Introduction

Strategy implementation – strategy in action - is the third of the three broad dimensions of strategy: analysis, choice and implementation. It can be seen as the final step in the sequence of identification of the strategic problem, obtaining necessary information, production of possible solutions, evaluation of these solutions, selection of unique strategy and strategy implementation.

Reactions of the Institutional and Individual Investors in the Volatile Stock Market

Reactions of the Institutional and Individual Investors in the Volatile Stock Market

1 Brief introduction of this paper
This paper just discusses the reactions of the institutional and individual investors in the volatile stock market. They are interested in who sells during large market swings. The authors address this question by investigating the relationship between the ownership structure and returns of firms on days when the absolute value of the market's return is two percent or more. They find that a firm's abnormal return on these days is related to the percentage of institutional ownership, that there is abnormally high turnover in the firm's shares on these days, and that this abnormal turnover is significantly related to the percentage of institutional ownership in the firm. Taken together, they come to a conclusion that institutions herd together and trade with the momentum of the market on days when there are large moves in the stock market, particularly mutual and pension funds.
2 Discussion about the research problem
2.1 The propose of the question

The Importance of Biotechnology Activities in Today's Economy

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 4
1.1. Introduction 8
1.2. The purpose and questions of the research 11

Chapter 2 Literature review 13
2.1. Innovation 13
2.1.1. Definition 13
2.1.2. History 13
2.1.3. Concept 15
2.1.4. Innovation theories 16
2.1.5. Main components 18
2.2. Fuzzy Front End 20
2.2.1. Introduction 20
2.2.2. Front end activities in innovation 21
2.2.3. Importance of the FFE 22
2.2.4. Structured or unstructured fuzzy front end? 24
2.2.5. The lack of research on fuzzy front end 25
2.3. FFE process models 26
2.3.1. Qualitative Models 27
2.3.1.1. Cooper’s stage-gate process 27
2.3.1.2. Khurana and Rosenthal FFE model 29
2.3.1.3. Koen’s new concept development model 31
2.3.2. Theoretical consideration 33
2.3.2.1. A Theoretical model of discontinuous innovation 33
2.3.2.2. FFE and the role theory 36
2.3.2.3. A causal model 37
2.3.2.4. Strategic and operative levels of FFE 40
2.3.3. Summary of FFE process models 41
2.4. Innovation process in biotechnology industry 44

Chapter 3 Methodology 51
3.1. Analysis from a system approach: the system dynamics methodology 51
3.2. Different types of the system’s elements: stocks and flows 51

Pay-for-Performance: An International Comparison - Bachelor of Science Business Administration Thesis

Pay-for-Performance: An International Comparison - Bachelor of Science Business Administration Thesis

Table of Contents
Table of Contents II
List of Abbreviations III
List of Figures IV
List of Tables V
1 Introduction 1
2 Pay-for-Performance: an Overview 2
2.1 Pay-for-Performance and Variable Compensation Defined 2
2.2 Types of Pay-for-Performance 3
2.3 Pay-for-Performance: Controversies 5
3 Theoretical Framework 7
3.1 Introduction to G. Hofstede’s cultural dimensions 7
3.2 Propositions of R. S. Schuler and N. Rogovsky 9
4 Pay-for-Performance in Germany 9
4.1 The German Culture: Description 9
4.2 Description of Pay-for-Performance in Germany 10
5 Pay-for-Performance in the USA 13
5.1 The Culture of the USA: Description 13
5.2 Description of Pay-for-Performance in the USA 14
6 Pay-for-Performance in China 17
6.1 The Chinese Culture: Description 17
6.2 Description of Pay-for-Performance in China 19
7 Conclusion 22
References VII

List of Abbreviations
e. g. exempli gratia
ed. editor
eds. editors
et al. et alii
etc. et cetera
i.e. id est
Iss. issue
p. page
pp. pages
URL Uniform Resource Locator
Vol. volume

1 Introduction

The Lives of Timothy Eaton and Frank W. Woolworth

The Lives of Timothy Eaton and Frank W. Woolworth

The retailing industry is primarily engaged in selling goods and services to the general public through stores. This essay focuses on two prominent North American retail leaders, Timothy Eaton and Frank W. Woolworth, who both came from farming backgrounds but shared an interest in the retail trade and therefore undertook employment positions in small general stores. Consequently, both these men realized the available opportunities in the retailing industry and took advantage of them by opening up their own businesses. Furthermore, after facing many hardships, they both succeeded enormously as they continuously expanded their businesses. However, while Eaton only focused on the Canadian market, Woolworth expanded his business in the United States, England, and even Canada. Although these leaders both achieved immense success through the development of their companies, they had different strategies and strengths, as while Eaton was extremely innovative, Woolworth was better at successfully adapting new ideas.

Human Resource Management - The History of Wal-Mart

Human Resource Management - The History of Wal-Mart

Table of Content
Executive Summary
Introduction
History of Wal-Mart
Recognizing and Rewarding Employees
Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining
Conclusion
Bibliography

Executive Summary

Are We Related? The Cradle of Industries - A Short Summary of the Data and Findings

Are We Related? The Cradle of Industries - A Short Summary of the Data and Findings

Introduction

Why are industries located where they are? How did these industries develop? What effect did a developing industry have on companies that were already present in the region? Why did some companies choose to settle in a region while other companies choose to exit a region? And what part did and do people who work at these industries play in the macro-economic process of industry evolution?

Non-Profit Organization Staffing History and Overview

Non-Profit Organization Staffing History and Overview

While the staffing of non-profit organizations is different in many ways to traditional, for-profit businesses, there are more similarities than differences. Historically, for-profit structure and staffing has been based on the needs and the drive of market factors. The history of non-profit organizations in the United States however, is rooted in both religious and educational needs. On colonizing the New World, the colonists recognized the need for an education system that would support the growing population in America. This was the start of such centers of colonial education such as Harvard, Yale, and Dartmouth (Dobkin). These non-profit organizations established the framework for non-profits in America, and the United States, a framework that lasted throughout the 18th and 19th centuries (Dobkin).

Sustainability Efforts Paper - Using Chevron, Starbucks and Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) as Examples

Sustainability Efforts Paper - Using Chevron, Starbucks and Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) as Examples
Chevron

Should Human Service Organizations have a Reward Program for Employees?

I strongly believe that all human services organizations should have a reward program that employees really need to earn. There are many programs that simply give hand outs to employees that do not necessarily deserve. My rewards program will be constructedof goals and tests for my employees. First off, all employees will need to abide by certain rules and regulations. They will be given asks to achieve and will need to achieve them well. At the end of the “goal period” all employees will need to prove to me that they exceeded all goals by taking a test and passing. If they do not pass the test then I will know that they did not put 100% effort into the tasks that were given.

Environmental Market Impacts

Environmental Market Impacts

There are many factors that can affect the marketing conditions of a product or service. Market conditions are impacted by environmental issues and conditions both domestically and globally. The factors that impact the environment can be political, environmental, or market driven. Many times the smell insignificant changes that occur in daily life impact the market in some way. Furthermore, this essay will show in detail how some environmental issues affect market conditions.

South African Breweries - Achieving Growth in the Global Beer Market

South African Breweries
Achieving Growth in the Global Beer Market

Group Research

Market – Global Beer Industry

The opportunity for South African Breweries (SAB) is to leverage their expertise and expand into new international markets.

Facts
SAB held a 98% share of beer in 1999 in South Africa
4th largest brewer in the world by volume
50% in the African continent
Their biggest share is in Europe
Beer is local

Assumptions
SAB had long been the dominate player in Africa and growing rapidly in emerging markets
At one time they had a negative brand image in the United States
The company’s vision was to be rated one of the top 5 brewing companies in the world
Beer was forecasted to increase from 18 billion to 28 billion by 2010

Core Competencies
SAB strength drives from its abnormal skill at cooping with the demands of a highly abnormal market
Geared towards emerging market economies:
Understanding developing world conditions
Understanding how to utilize assets
Cost Management
Delivery of a product that was both high quality and low cost.

Are We Related? The Cradle of Industries

Are We Related? The Cradle of Industries

Abstract: Contains a short summary of the main research question(s), data used and the main findings of this report.

Introduction

Why are industries located where they are? How did these industries develop? What effect did a developing industry have on companies that were already present in the region? Why did some companies choose to settle in a region while other companies choose to exit a region? And what part did and do people who work at these industries play in the macro-economic process of industry evolution?

Change Management and Implementation of Total Productive Maintenenace - An Exploratory Study of Malaysian Manufacturing Companies

Change Management and Implementation of Total Productive Maintenance

An Exploratory Study of Malaysian Manufacturing Companies

Abstract

This study examines the effects of change management towards the implementation of productivity and quality improvement programs through the concept of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), in manufacturing firms in Malaysia. The factors measured are management commitment, training and education, employee empowerment, team culture and company policies and goals for change management. Autonomous maintenance and planned maintenance factors were used to measure TPM. The findings of the study provide empirical evidence that change management factors significantly enhances the extent of TPM implementation.

Keywords: Total Productive Maintenance, planned maintenance, autonomous maintenance, change management, overall equipment efficiency

Kata Kunci: Penyelenggaraan Produktif Menyeluruh, penyelenggaraan terancang, penyelenggaraan kendiri, pengurusan perubahan, kecekapan kelengkapan menyeluruh

Introduction

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